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Contribution to the study of farming systems in the West Bank : the case of Deir-Elhatab village in the district of Nablus

Abdallah J.. 1997. Contribution to the study of farming systems in the West Bank : the case of Deir-Elhatab village in the district of Nablus. Montpellier : CIRAD-EMVT, 44 p. Mémoire DESS : Productions Animales en Régions Chaudes : Ecole nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort

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Autre titre : Contribution à l'étude des systèmes agraires en Palestine : le cas du village de Deir-Elhatab dans le district de Naplouse

Abstract : Une étude a été menée au village de Deir-Elhatab dans le district de Naplouse(Palestine) pour contribuer au diagnostic des systèmes agraires en Palestine.Les aspects zootechniques et socio-économiques des exploitations ont été étudiés. L'étude a révélé l'importance de la production agricole pour la consommation familiale dans les petites exploitations et comme source derevenus dans les grandes exploitations. Cinq types d'exploitations agricoles ont été identifiés à partir de 47 exploitations. Parmi les contraintes majeures on a trouvé l'augmentation rapide des coûts d'alimentation des animaux, les problèmes sanitaires, la productivité faible et l'accès limitéaux pâturages naturels et aux plantations d'oliviers à cause de la présence d'une colonie israélienne à côté du village. L'amélioration des pratiquesde gestion peut résoudre une partie des problèmes.

Résumé (autre langue) : A study was made in the village of Deir-Elhatab as a contribution to the diagnosis of farming systems in Palestine. The aim of the study was to identify the main production systems in the village, evaluate their productivity and identify the major constraints. A sample of 4 7 farms was chosen and inquired. A questionnaire was designed to elaborate the inquiries. The questionnaire included mostly open questions and covered the socio-economic and technical aspects of the farms. The study showed the importance of the agricultural production for the family consumption in small farms and as a source of income in larger farms. Five different farm types were identified in the village. Of the dairy cattle in the village, 60 % were Bandouk (Baladi x Holstein) and 40 % were of Holstein breed. Milk production averaged 2,850 1 (Bandouk) and 4,208 1 (Holstein) in 9 to 11 months. Out of 1,350 sheep, 97 % were of Awassi breed. Of 150 goats in the village, 96 % were •of Bandouk breed and 4 % Shami. Milk production was 57 I/year (Awassi sheep), 13 7 I/year (Bandouk goats) and 5 03 I/year for the Shami goats. High feed costs, animal health problems, low productivity and lack of access to some natural pastures and olive plantations due to the presence of an Israeli settlement were the major identified problems. Some of the problems could be solved by improving management practices. More research work is needed on the farm level to identify the causes of low productivity. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Bovin, Caprin, Ovin, Élevage, Enquête, Système d'élevage, Typologie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Moyen Orient, Palestine

Mots-clés complémentaires : Bovin Holstein, Bovin Bandouk, Chèvre Bandouk, Chèvre Shami, Mouton Awassi

Classification Agris : L01 - Animal husbandry

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Abdallah J.

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/313830/)

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