Origin and distribution of New World livestock trypanosomes and their affinity for some mammalian host

Desquesnes Marc. 1999. Origin and distribution of New World livestock trypanosomes and their affinity for some mammalian host. In : Proceedings of first symposium on new world trypanosomes = [Actes du 1er symposium sur les trypanosomes d'Amérique]. Vokaty S. (ed.), Desquesnes M. (ed.). Bridgetown : IICA, pp. 5-11. Symposium on New World Trypanosomes. 1, Georgetown, Guyana, 20 November 1996/22 November 1996.

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Autre titre : Origine et distribution des trypanosomes américaines du bétail et leur affinité pour certains mammifères hôtes

Abstract : Origin and distribution of the New World trypanosomes existing in livestock is briefly presented. Non pathogenic trypanosomes are #T. theileri# found in cattle and buffaloes, #T. ingens# found in cattle, and #T. melophagium# found in sheep in highlands. Only the #Megabypanum# species of cattle and buffaloes can slightly interfer in the parasitological diagnosis. #T. vivax# is pathogenic in cattle, sheep, goats and buffaloes; although it was found in deers, the existence of a wild reservoir as never been demonstrated. Whether the South American #T. vivax# can infect dogs, cats and horses still needs to be determined. #T. evansi# is pathogenic for horses, buffaloes, dogs, cats and part of the wild fauna including vampire bats which act as reservoir and vectors. It can also be found in cattle, sheep, goats and pigs; #T. evansi# has a large domestic and wild reservoir and is robustly implanted in Latin America. #T. equiperdum# is restricted to horses ans donkeys due to its sexual transmission, it is sporadic in Latin America. #T. cruzi#, the agent of Chagas disease in humans, is also pathogenic in part of the wild fauna; it can be found in all domestic and wild mammalian hosts. The study of trypanosomiasis, mostly based on serological surveys, encounters problems of specificity. Problems of sub-genus or species-specificity depend on the #Trypanosoma# species present in the area and the hosts under investigation. Infections with the four pathogenic #Trypanosoma# species described cannot be properly distinguished with antibody-detection; interferences should be carefully taken into consideration for sero-epidemiological surveys. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Trypanosoma, Distribution géographique, Biodiversité, Agent pathogène, Mammifère, Immunodiagnostic

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Amérique latine

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases

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