Suitability of RAPD analysis for the detection of somaclonal variants in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq)

Rival Alain, Bertrand L., Beulé Thierry, Combes Marie-Christine, Trouslot Pierre, Lashermes Philippe. 1998. Suitability of RAPD analysis for the detection of somaclonal variants in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq). Plant Breeding (117) : pp. 73-76.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Autre titre : Pertinence de l'utilisation de l'analyse par RAPD pour la détection de variants somaclonaux chez le palmier à huile (Elaeis guineensis Jacq)

Abstract : Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis using arbitrary 10-mer oligonucleotide primers was employed in order to investigate the genetic fidelity of somatic embryogenesis-derived regenerants of oil palm (#Elaeis guineensis# Jacq). Clonal palms bearing the "mantled" phenotype were identified in the field and the ability of RAPD markers to distinguish these variants from palms of the normal type was assessed. Of the 387 arbitrary primers used, 259 (67%) were successfully used to amplify oil palm DNA genomic fragments with consistently reproducible banding. Of these 387 primers, 73 (19%) primers enabled the identification of polymorphism between clones. No intraclonal variability and no differences between mother palms and regenerants could be identified using the total number of markers scored (8900). Twenty-four of these 73 primers were chosen for use in a larger experiment aimed at comparing, first, the mother palm genome with that of its clonal offspring and, second, true-to-type and variant regenerants. Thus, the regeneration protocol based on somatic embryogenesis set up for oil palm clonal propagation does not induce any gross genetic changes. The results obtained revealed however, that the RAPD approach is not suitable for the detection of the "mantled" variant phenotype. The use of RAPD markers for the detection of somaclonal variation in oil palm is discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeis guineensis, RAPD, Variant, Variation somaclonale, Trouble génétique, Marqueur génétique, Polymorphisme génétique, Embryogénèse somatique, Régénération in vitro

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
U30 - Research methods
F02 - Plant propagation

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rival Alain, CIRAD-CP-PALMIER (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6304-3268
  • Bertrand L.
  • Beulé Thierry, CIRAD-CP-PALMIER (FRA)
  • Combes Marie-Christine
  • Trouslot Pierre
  • Lashermes Philippe

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR6558 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_PE1293 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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