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Growth and carboxylase activities in in vitro micropropagated oil palm plantlets during acclimatisation : comparison with conventionally germinated seedlings

Rival Alain, Beulé Thierry, Lavergne Danielle, Nato Aimé, Noirot Michel. 1998. Growth and carboxylase activities in in vitro micropropagated oil palm plantlets during acclimatisation : comparison with conventionally germinated seedlings. Advances in Horticultural Science, 12 (3) : pp. 111-117.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
Full text not available from this repository.

Autre titre : Croissance et activités des carboxylases lors de l'acclimatation de vitroplants de palmier à huile : comparaison avec des plantules issues de semences

Abstract : In order to characterise the physiological phenomena which occur during acclimatisation of oil palm (#Elaeis guineensis# Jacq.) plantlets produced through somatic embryogenesis, a comparison of the growth and carboxylase activities of #in vitro# propagated plants and seedlings was carried out over a 100-day period. Growth parameters (total fresh weigh (FW), relative foliar FW and the number of expanded leaves) and biochemical characteristics (soluble protein and chlorophyll content, specific Phosphoenol pyruvate carboxylase (EC 4.1.1.31) (PEPC), Ribulose 1,5-#bis#phosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (EC 4.1.1.38) (RubisCO) activities and relative RubisCO content) were studied. Oil palm #in vitro# propagated plants were found to undergo an original pattern of acclimatisation, as their PEPC/RubisCO ratio was not affected during transplanting to the greenhouse environment and remained at the same level (ca. 0.05) as was measured in #in vitro# growing leaves. At about D60 after sowing (or #ex vitro# transplanting) the main physiological characteristics (chlorophyll and soluble protein contents, and PEPC/RubisCO ratio) were similar in both seedlings and #in vitro# propagated plants, but growth characteristics were markedly different. Rocket immuno-electrophoresis revealed that relative RubisCO amounts were in a comparable range (ca. 230 mg/g prot.) in leaves from #in vitro# grown and already acclimatised #in vitro# propagated plants and were found to be lower than in greenhouse-cultivated adult oil palms (350 mg/g prot.). (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeis guineensis, Embryon somatique, Vitroplant, Adaptation, Voie biochimique du métabolisme, Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, Rubisco, Activité enzymatique, Croissance, Chlorophylle, Teneur en protéines, Immunoélectrophorèse, Nutrition des plantes, Besoin nutritionnel

Classification Agris : F02 - Plant propagation
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rival Alain, CIRAD-CP-PALMIER (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6304-3268
  • Beulé Thierry, CIRAD-CP-PALMIER (FRA)
  • Lavergne Danielle
  • Nato Aimé
  • Noirot Michel

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/390300/)

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