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Diversity of Phytophthora megakarya in Central and West Africa revealed by isozyme and RAPD markers

Nyassé Salomon, Grivet Laurent, Risterucci Ange-Marie, Blaha Georges, Berry Dominique, Lanaud Claire, Despréaux Denis. 1999. Diversity of Phytophthora megakarya in Central and West Africa revealed by isozyme and RAPD markers. Mycological Research, 103 (10) : pp. 1225-1234.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : #Phytophthora megakarya# is an important pathogen of cocoa in Africa. We used isozyme and RAPD markers to estimate the genetic diversity and structuring among 161 isolates, from the known distribution area of the fungus which corresponds to the cocoa belt in Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon and Sao Tome. Thirty six and 44 multilocus patterns were identified with isozymes and RAPDs, respectively. Patterns were separated into two highly differentiated genetic groups with both types of markers, one located in Central Africa and the other in West Africa. This distribution coincides with two major biogeographical domains which may reflect an ancient evolution of #P. megakarya# in this part of Africa. The genotypic diversity was lower in West Africa as compared to Central Africa. Inside Central Africa, isolates from Gabon and Sao Tome were highly differentiated based on RAPDs. Four intermediate marker patterns corresponding to isolates sampled near the border between Nigeria and Cameroon were putatively derived from genetic exchanges between the two major groups. The mating type determination permitted to confirm the high prevalence of A1 over A2. Although clonal multiplication seems to be the rule, indices of other reproduction means have been detected. (Author's abstract)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Phytophthora, Variation génétique, RAPD, Isoenzyme

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ghana, Togo, Nigéria, Cameroun, Gabon, Sao Tomé-et-Principe

Mots-clés complémentaires : Phytophthora megakarya

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Nyassé Salomon, IRAD (CMR)
  • Grivet Laurent, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA)
  • Risterucci Ange-Marie, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA)
  • Blaha Georges, CIRAD-CP-CACAO (PNG)
  • Berry Dominique, CIRAD-CP-CAFE (FRA)
  • Lanaud Claire, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6411-7310
  • Despréaux Denis, CIRAD-CP-DIR (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/391949/)

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