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Pattern and development of land-use changes in the Kenyan highlands since the 1950s

Imbernon Jacques. 1999. Pattern and development of land-use changes in the Kenyan highlands since the 1950s. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment (76) : pp. 67-73.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Land-use and land-cover change can play a pivotal role evironemental changes. Using aerial photos and spot satellite image on two nearby but different agroecological zones of the Kenyan highlands, an extensive semi-arid area in the lower zone and a humid area in the upper zone, significant land-use changes were identified between 1958, 1985 and 1995. These land-use changes were observed through a photo-interpretation of photos and image with a common classification scheme. The pattern and the development of land-use change differed markedly over the 40-year period between the upper and the lomer zone. The introduction of cash-crops had a significant impact on the land-use in the upper zone. Tree plantations whose line characterize the present landscape came with the switch to cash-crops. In contrast, although no significant land-use changes occurred between 1958 and 1985 in the lower zone, the changes over the last 10 years were significant with a 75 % ncrease in cultivated land area. Part of these land-use changes can be explained by strong links between the two zones, as the lower zone became an outlet for the very high population density of the upper zone. This study is a first step for an in-depth characterization of the various driving forces and for land-use planning in these Kenyan highlands. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Utilisation des terres, Paysage, Ressource naturelle, Télédétection

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Kenya

Classification Agris : E11 - Land economics and policies
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
U30 - Research methods

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Imbernon Jacques, CIRAD-TERA-ERE (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR8183 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_BR8184 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/392049/)

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