Agritrop
Home

Use of floral descriptors to study variability in wild cocoa trees (Theobroma cacao L.) in French Guiana

Lachenaud Philippe, Bonnot François, Oliver Gérald. 1999. Use of floral descriptors to study variability in wild cocoa trees (Theobroma cacao L.) in French Guiana. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 46 (5) : pp. 491-500.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Full text not available from this repository.

Autre titre : Utilisation des descripteurs floraux pour étudier la variablité des cacaoyers spontanés (Theobroma cacao L.) en Guyane

Abstract : 155 clones of wild cocoa trees (#Theobroma cacao# L.) in French Guiana, belonging to 16 populations identified by surveyors in two different river basins (three sub-basins), along with four international clones used as controls, were characterized with four floral descriptors: petal ligule width, sepal width, gynoecium length and number of ovules per ovary. The data underwent an analysis of variance and a factorial discriminant analysis, and the Mahalanobis distances between the populations were calculated. Significant differences existed between the populations for the four descriptors and the discriminant analysis revealed two main groups among the Guianan cocoa trees. It also isolated them from the controls. The populations in the two basins were not homogeneous, and the sub-basin of origin did not seem to be the main factor structuring the variability of the study populations. There proved to be substantial genotypic variability in the Guianan material for the floral descriptors. Variation within the same family (trees derived from the same pod) was low. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Plante sauvage, Variation génétique, Fleur, Anatomie végétale, Méthode statistique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guyane française

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F50 - Plant structure

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lachenaud Philippe, CIRAD-CP-CACAO (CIV)
  • Bonnot François, CIRAD-CP-DIR (FRA)
  • Oliver Gérald, CIRAD-CP-CACAO (GUF)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_PE1658 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_BR8436 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_BR8437 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/392509/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-02-25 ]