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The creation of an in vitro germplasm collection of yam (Diocorea spp.) for genetic resources preservation

Malaurie B., Pungu O., Dumont Roland, Trouslot M.F.. 1993. The creation of an in vitro germplasm collection of yam (Diocorea spp.) for genetic resources preservation. Euphytica, 65 (2) : pp. 113-122.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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393429.pdf

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Autre titre : La création d'une collection in vitro de plasma germinatif d'igname (Dioscorea) afin de préserver les ressources génétiques

Abstract : A genetic resources preservation program led to an in vitro germplasm collection of yam (Dioscorea spp.), obtained by nodal cutting and maintained under slow growth conditions with ((Knop, 1865) in George & Sherrington, 1984) modified medium. The collection comprises accessions of 14 species from Africa and Asia, including edible varieties from the humid intertropical areas, viz 10 wild species (D. abyssinica, D. bulbifera, D. burkilliana, D. dumetorum, D. hirtiflora, D. mangenotiana, D. minutiflora, D. praehensilis, D. schimperana, D. togoensis), 5 edible 'species' ( D. alata, D. buIbifera, D. cayenensis-D, rotundata complex, D. dumetorum and D. esculenta) and 1 interspecific hybrid (D. cayenensis-D, rotundata complex, cv. Krengle× D. praehensilis). Three factors that may influence the success in transfer from the in vivo to the in vitro conditions have been studied. These are: the type of introducted material (nodal cutting fragments, seeds and exchanged micro- plants), the introduction date and the genotype. Some significant differences in success were due to the type of introduced material, whereas the introduction date had no effect. On the other hand, some species showed a greater success in the transfer from the in vivo to the in vitro conditions than others. The three tuberization types (basal tuberization, aerial tuberization and 'boulage' (tuberization without vegetative development) phenomena)), according to species, are discussed.

Résumé (autre langue) : Les auteurs ont travaillé sur une collection de 14 espèces d'igname d'Afrique et d'Asie, dont 3 variétés tropicales comestibles, 10 espèces sauvages et un tri-hybride interspécifique. L'étude porte sur des facteurs conditionnant la réussite de la culture in vitro : type de matériel végétal (bouture nodale, semence, microplant), date d'introduction, génotype. Trois modes de tubérisation, selon l'espèce, font l'objet d'une discussion.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Banque de gènes, Dioscorea, Germplasm, Culture in vitro, Conservation du matériel génétique, Variété, Zone humide, Hybride

Mots-clés complémentaires : Tubérisation

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Malaurie B.
  • Pungu O.
  • Dumont Roland
  • Trouslot M.F.

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/393429/)

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