Developing suitable yokes for draft oxen in sub-Saharan Africa

Havard Michel, Le Thiec Gérard. 1999. Developing suitable yokes for draft oxen in sub-Saharan Africa. In : Meeting the challenges of animal traction : Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA). Starkey Paul (ed.), Kaumbutho Pascal (ed.). ATNESA. London : Intermediate Technology Publications, pp. 134-139. ISBN 1-85339-483-1 Meeting the challenge of animal traction, Karen, Kenya, 4 December 1995/8 December 1995.

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Abstract : There are two main types of harnessing systems: yokes and collars. Collars are the most efficient for cattle, horses and donkeys, but are inappropriate for developing countries because of their complexity and cost. Yokes are therefore commonly used. However, in sub-Saharan Africa, where there has not been a long tradition of their use, lack of expertise ad appropriate harnesses often leads to problem of injury to animals and lack of control over them. In sub-Saharan Africa, humped cattle, such as zebu, tend to be yoked with withers yokes, whilst for non-humped cattle such as N'dama, neck yokes are used most often. However, the type of yoke used is less important than its quality, weight and proper use. In cooperation with the Cameroonian animal and veterinary research institute, CIRAD-SAR has developed an 'improved' double yoke and the 'ATECam' single-ox yoke. In trials of both of these yokes power output was improved. Their low cost makes them suitable for manufacture in developing countries. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Énergie animale, Bovin, Harnachement, Caractéristique du matériel, Performance du matériel, Joug

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique au sud du Sahara, Cameroun, Burkina Faso

Mots-clés complémentaires : Traction animale

Classification Agris : P05 - Energy resources and management
N20 - Agricultural machinery and equipment

Auteurs et affiliations

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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