Identification of QTLs involved in the resistance to South American leaf blight (Microcyclus ulei) in the rubber tree

Lespinasse Denis, Grivet Laurent, Troispoux Valérie, Rodier-Goud Marguerite, Pinard Fabrice, Seguin Marc. 2000. Identification of QTLs involved in the resistance to South American leaf blight (Microcyclus ulei) in the rubber tree. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 100 (6) : pp. 975-984.

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Abstract : South American leaf blight (SALB) is a disease of the rubber tree caused by the fungus Microcyclus ulei. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for resistance were mapped using 195 F, progeny individuals derived from the cross between a susceptible cultivated clone, PB260, and a resistant clone, R038, derived from interspecific hybridization. The resistance level of the progeny individuals was evaluated in controlled conditions. The reaction type (RT) and the lesion diameter (LD) were measured on immature leaves after artificial inoculation of the fungus. Five different strains of the fungus were used, all highly sporulating on PB260. Among those, four did not sporulate and one sporulated partially on R038. Both pseudo-testcross parental genetic maps and the consensus map were constructed. The search for QTLs was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis markerby-marker test and the Interval-Mapping method for the three maps. Eight QTLs for resistance were identified on the R038 map. Only one QTL was detected on the PB260 map. The analysis of the F, consensus map confirmed results obtained with the parental maps. A common QTL was detected for resistance to the five strains for both RT and LD. Two QTLs were common for complete resistance to four strains, for RT and LD respectively. Resistance determinism for complete and partial resistance, and perspectives for breeding for durable resistance to SALB are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lespinasse Denis, CIRAD-CP-HEVEA (FRA)
  • Grivet Laurent, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA)
  • Troispoux Valérie, CIRAD-CP-HEVEA (GUF)
  • Rodier-Goud Marguerite, CIRAD-CP-HEVEA (FRA)
  • Pinard Fabrice, CIRAD-CP-HEVEA (GUF)
  • Seguin Marc, CIRAD-CP-HEVEA (THA)

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