Incidence of Bangkok city development on peri-urban agricultural patterns and cropping systems evolution

Chunnasit Butoon, Pagès Jacques, Duangngam Onouma. 2000. Incidence of Bangkok city development on peri-urban agricultural patterns and cropping systems evolution. In : Proceedings of the International Conference : The Chao Phraya Delta, historical development, dynamics and challenges of Thailand's rice bowl. Kasetsart University, IRD, Chulalongkorn University, Kyoto University. Bangkok : Kasetsart University, pp. 87-109. International Conference on the Chao Praya Delta, Bangkok, Thaïlande, 12 December 2000/15 December 2000.

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Abstract : The very rapid growth of Bangkok city over the last decades, which cannot be confined to Bangkok administrative boundaries, has many impacts on the neighbouring provinces, at diverse levels : population density, economic activity, industrialisation, transportation,...all of these process ending in a growing pressure upon natural resources: land, water, but eventually air and light. Agricultural activity is strongly relying on availability, both in terms of quality and quantity, of these resources and as such, Bangkok development has induced many changes in agricultural sector. Combination of different methodologies (statistic data processing, in-depth on-farm enquiries together with rapid survey over a sample of more than hundred farms, markets follow-ups) unveiled the wide diversity of situations, cropping patterns and production results. Data analysis by mean of GIS tools led to perform a mapping of production areas, expressing a spatial distribution of crops. This zoning is the result of different farmers strategies, related to different cultural or historical background as well as the evolution of their physical environment. In the framework of the elaboration and implementation of cities master plans, objectives of city policy makers and farmers behaviour can thus show discrepancies, resulting in possible conflicts. Methodologies able to describe the dynamic of urban and periurban agriculture as an answer to the fast evolution of its global environment must then be evolved in order to provide to both the policy makers and the periurban growers, negotiation tools for the sustainability of agricultural activity within urban space. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Secteur agricole, Agriculture, Agriculture périurbaine, Zone périurbaine, Diversification, Environnement urbain, Zone urbaine, Relation ville campagne, Urbanisation, Donnée de production, Distribution spatiale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Thaïlande

Classification Agris : E90 - Agrarian structure

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Chunnasit Butoon, Kasetsart University (THA)
  • Pagès Jacques, CIRAD-CA-GEC (THA)
  • Duangngam Onouma, Kasetsart University (THA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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