Cacao domestication. II. Progenitor germplasm of most cultivated cacao until 1950

Motamayor Juan Carlos, Risterucci Ange-Marie, Lanaud Claire. 2000. Cacao domestication. II. Progenitor germplasm of most cultivated cacao until 1950. In : 13 Conférence internationale sur la recherche cacaoyère : résumés = 13 International cocoa research conference: summaries ; 13 Conferencia internacional de pesquisas em cacau : resumos ; 13 Conferencia internacional de investigacion en cacao : resumenes. Lagos : Cocoa Producers' Alliance, 1 p. Conférence Internationale sur la Recherche Cacaoyère. 13, Kota Kinabalu, Malaisie, 9 October 2000/14 October 2000.

Paper without proceedings
Full text not available from this repository.

Autre titre : Domestication du cacaoyer II. Matériel génétique géniteur de la plupart des cacaoyers cultivés depuis 1950

Abstract : Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) was cultivated in Central America over two thousand years ago. The type of cacao cultivated in this region is comprised within what is called the morphogeographic group Criollo. Cacao populations from the Amazon basin are included in the second morphogeographic group, which is called Forastero. The most cultivated Forastero type until 1950 was called Amelonade because the melon shape of its pods and its geographical origin was the Lower Amazon. Amalonade type was introduced into Africa from Bahia in Brazil. A third morphogeographic group is called Trinitario. Historically, the Trinitario group originated in Trinidad and resulted from natural hybridization between Criollo from Central America and Amelonado from Venezuela. Criollo trees were progressively replaced in the north of South America and in Central America by more vigorous and productive Trinitario and Amelonade. Most cultivated cacao until 1950 consisted of Criollo, Trinitario and Amelonade. Since 1950, material collected in the thirties and forties from the Upper Amazon region became world wide used in genetic programs. In order to gain a better understanding of the origin and the genetic basis of the cacao varieties cutivated before the utilization of germplasm collected in the Upper Amazon, a study was carried out, using RFLP and microsatellite markers. Samples from Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Trinidad, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Mexico, Ivory Coast and Cameroon were analyzed. Thanks to molecular markers, it was possible to clearly identify two genotypes at the origin of the traditional varieties (Criollo, Amelonado and Trinitario, independently of its geographical origin). (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Domestication, Taxonomie, RFLP, Microsatellite, Marqueur génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil, Venezuela (République bolivarienne du), Colombie, Panama, Trinité-et-Tobago, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Mexique, Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroun

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Motamayor Juan Carlos, Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Ciencia y la Tecnología (VEN)
  • Risterucci Ange-Marie, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA)
  • Lanaud Claire, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6411-7310

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2020-04-17 ]