A renewed perspective on agroforestry concepts and classification

Torquebiau Emmanuel. 2000. A renewed perspective on agroforestry concepts and classification. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences. Série 3, Sciences de la Vie (323) : pp. 1009-1017.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Autre titre : Une vision renouvelée des concepts et de la classification de l'agroforesterie

Abstract : Agroforestry, the association of trees with farming practices, is progressively becoming a recognized land-use discipline. However, it is still percieved by some scientists, technicians and farmers as a sort of environmental fashion which does not deserve credit. The peculiar history of agroforestry and the complex relationships between agriculture and forestry explain some misunderstandings about the concepts and classification of agroforestry and reveal that, contrarily to common perception, agroforestry is closer to agriculture than to forestry. Based on field experience from several countries, a structural classification of agroforestry into six simple categories is proposed: crops under tree cover, agroforests, agroforestry in a linear arrangement, animal agroforestry, sequential agroforestry and minor agroforestry techniques. It is argued that this pragmatic classification encompasses all major agroforestry associations and allows simultaneous agroforestry to be clearly differentiated from sequential agroforestry, two categories showing contrasting ecological tree-crop interactions. It can also contribute to a betterment of the image of agroforestry and lead to a simplification of its definition. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Culture itinérante, Agroforesterie, Classification, Terre de pâturage, Système sylvopastoral

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Torquebiau Emmanuel, CIRAD-TERA-ERE (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR9481 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; BA_PEBA769 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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