Global network for pineapple research

Malézieux Eric. 2000. Global network for pineapple research. In : Proceedings of the third international pineapple symposium. Subhadrabandhu Suranant (ed.), Chairidchai Pornprome (ed.). ISHS. Wageningen : ISHS, pp. 35-47. (Acta Horticulturae, 529) ISBN 90-660-5902-8 International Pineapple Symposium. 3, Pattaya, Thaïlande, 17 November 1998/20 November 1998.

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Autre titre : Un réseau global pour la recherche sur l'ananas

Abstract : Like many other commodities, pineapple market is now worldwide and highly competitive. However, resources for pineapple research have significantly decreased these last years in numerous countries, probably in relation to lower profits. In addition, public research does not always meet private needs for pineapple development. Biotechnologies might provide solutions to specific problems such as particular pest and disease susceptibility, flowering control or fruit quality. Countries like USA and Australia have already invested significantly in this area for several years. However, genetic engineering requires major investment and intellectual, and germplasm property issues are still controversial on a world scale. In the present context of trade globalization, solutions will not be easy to find. On the other hand, conventional breeding is still of great importance in a context of fresh fruit market growth and diversification. Private ownership of germplasm is a key issue for pineapple trade in general, and more specifically for the integration of the small farmer communities from developing countries in this world trade. Environmental issues are not high priority in most countries. Nevertheless, global pressure on agriculture should rapidly raise these questions in an increasing number of sites. Erosion, nitrogen and pesticide pollution are important risks in pineapple cultivation, and pineapple-based farming systems should evolve significantly in this regard. Collaborative effort is needed to create common tools and rnethodologies in order to set up more environmentally friendly pineapple farming systems adapted to the diversity of environmental and socio-economic conditions. In any case, integration of public effort and private needs (companies, consumers and farmers) should require specific attention in the future. The paper suggests collaborative priorities and mechanisms to enhance cooperation for pineapple research. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ananas comosus, Ananas (fruits), Réseau de recherche, Marché mondial, Amélioration des plantes, Ressource génétique végétale, Physiologie végétale, Modèle de simulation, Biotechnologie végétale, Technologie après récolte

Classification Agris : A50 - Agricultural research
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F01 - Crop husbandry

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