Agritrop
Home

Improvement of forage production in Calliandra calothyrsus : methodology for the identification of an effective inoculum containing Rhizobium strains and arbuscular mycorrhizal isolates

Lesueur Didier, Ingleby Kevin, Odee David W., Chamberlain Joanne, Wilson Julia, Tiki Manga Théophile, Sarrailh Jean-Michel, Pottinger Alan. 2001. Improvement of forage production in Calliandra calothyrsus : methodology for the identification of an effective inoculum containing Rhizobium strains and arbuscular mycorrhizal isolates. Journal of Biotechnology, 91 (2-3) : pp. 269-282.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
[img] Published version - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
document_483932.pdf

Télécharger (310kB)

Abstract : The overall aim of this paper is to describe the selection of effective rhizobia and arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM), which after inoculation, will significantly improve the forage production of Calliandra calothyrsus under field conditions. To achieve this objective, the following activities were carried out: (i) establishment from both nodules and soil samples of a collection of microsymbionts (rhizobium and AM) of C. calothyrsus from Central America (Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Costa Rica), also from outside its native range in Cameroon, Kenya and New Caledonia; (ii) identification under glasshouse conditions of the most effective rhizobia and AM isolates; (iii) production of a solid selected inoculum for field trials; (iv) examination of the impact of the inoculation on the growth of C. calothyrsus monitored under nursery conditions. We have screened 446 rhizobia strains in the nursery and identified six as being very effective at nodulating the host plant. They originated from Costa Rica (CCCR15 and CCCR1), from New Caledonia (CCNC26), from Cameroon (CCC22) and from Kenya (KWN35 and KCC6). In relation to AM, five isolates have been selected for the ability to infect and promote growth of the host plant-two isolates of Gigaspora albida isolated from Kenya (GA1b and GA2); one isolate of Scutellospora verrucosa isolated from Kenya (SV2c); one isolate of Scutellospora calospora isolated from Guatemala (SC2) and one isolate of Glomus etunicatum isolated from Honduras (GE1). Further experiments will test these selected inocula, singly and in mixtures, in order to obtain an inoculant which significantly improves the growth of C. calothyrsus and to enable its distribution to farmers who use this woody legume for forage production on their farms. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Calliandra calothyrsus, Plante fourragère, Inoculation, Rhizobium

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lesueur Didier, CIRAD-FORET-PLANTATIONS (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0002-6694-0869
  • Ingleby Kevin, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GBR)
  • Odee David W., KEFRI (KEN)
  • Chamberlain Joanne, University of Oxford (GBR)
  • Wilson Julia, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GBR)
  • Tiki Manga Théophile, IRAD (CMR)
  • Sarrailh Jean-Michel, CIRAD-FORET-PLANTATIONS (NCL)
  • Pottinger Alan, University of Oxford (GBR)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/483932/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-02-27 ]