The foundation unit of San Giuliano Corsica: A basis for the citrus national certification scheme in France

Vernière Christian, Aubert Bernard, Jacquemond Camille, Luro François, Curk Franck, Cottin Roland. 2001. The foundation unit of San Giuliano Corsica: A basis for the citrus national certification scheme in France. In : Proceedings of the 6th World Congress of the International Society of Citrus Nurserymen. Donadio C.L. (ed.), Moreira Soares C. (ed.), Sanches Stuchi Eduardo (ed.). ISCN, EECB. Bebedouro : EECB, pp. 32-36. World Congress of the International Society of Citrus Nurserymen. 6, Ribeirao Preto, Brésil, 9 July 2001/13 July 2001.

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Abstract : Corsica is a privileged site for citrus growing due to its special phytosanitary status. This Mediterranean island is free of naturally transmitted European quarantine diseases tristeza, mal seco, stubborn and vein enation wg, and exotic quarantine diseases. The San Giuliano citrus repository was founded in 1958 with the aim of gathering the best cultivars of citrus and submits them to a selective indexing procedure for eliminating individuals affected by graft transmissible diseases. This phytosanitary selection program, jointly developed by CIRAD-FLHOR and INRA was gradually initiated for elite citrus individuals from Corsica, Morocco and Algeria. Furthermore it was extended to other citrus growing areas of the world by the technique of nucellar selection and subsequently by the procedure of shoot-tip grafting which enlarged the collection to include monoembryonic species/cultivars. The sanitation technique is combined with highly sensitive detection tools based on susceptible indicators, serology affinity or nucleic acids specificity. This repository is unique in that accessions are maintained in orchards as disease-free adult trees. It allows a morphological description and a control of pomological performance. The phytosanitary status is controlled regularly all along the different processes and surveillance by periodic visual checks is made in the outdoor nuclear stock plots. A copy of the newest and the most interesting accessions is maintained under screenhouse. There are presently more than 450 scion varieties and almost 140 seed source trees varieties from 33 citrus growing countries available at San Giuliano, and also individuals of related genera belonging to #Citreae#. Besides phylogenic and evolutionary considerations, genetic assessment under the EGID system adopted by FAO, provides potential for careful management of citrus resources within a general scheme of varietal improvement. Furthermore, this programmer constitutes a basis for the Citrus National Certification Scheme conducted by the Interprofessionnal Technical Center for Fruit and Vegetable (CTIFL). This certification scheme allows the citrus to satisfy the EC phytosanitary legislation in order to be marketed. Yearly about 50000 buds and more than 100 kg of seeds are distributed worldwide. Disease-free collections can thus be established in countries eager to sanitize their orchards and rehabilitate their citrus industry on a sound foundation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Citrus, certification des plantes, Ressource génétique, Plante indemne de virus, Virus des végétaux, Maladie des plantes, Contrôle de maladies, Conservation du matériel génétique, Identification, quarantaine, Sélection, Variété, Multiplication des plantes, Législation sanitaire

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Corse

Mots-clés complémentaires : Stubborn, Tristeza, Screening

Classification Agris : F03 - Seed production
H20 - Plant diseases
D50 - Legislation

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Vernière Christian, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2312-2073
  • Aubert Bernard
  • Jacquemond Camille, INRA (FRA)
  • Luro François, INRA (FRA)
  • Curk Franck, INRA (FRA)
  • Cottin Roland, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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