Is water tariff reform possible in India ? : the case of Haryana producers

Alary Véronique, Deybe Daniel. 2002. Is water tariff reform possible in India ? : the case of Haryana producers. In : ISEE 2002 Environment and development : 7th Biennial conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics = ISEE 2002 Environnement et développement : 7ème Conférence biennale de la Société Internationale pour l'économie écologique, Sousse, Tu. s.l. : ISEE, 21 p. Biennial Conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics. 7, Sousse, Tunisie, 6 March 2002/9 March 2002.

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Autre titre : Une réforme de la tarification de l'eau est-elle possible en Inde ? : le cas des producteurs en Haryana

Abstract : Since 1991 India is undertaking a process of liberalization of the agricultural sector as part of a structural adjustment program. This process will strongly affect the irrigation patterns because it will induce a payment for the electricity used for pumping. Can farmers react positively to a change in water costs policies which might imply changes in the balance between activities within the production systems? Will this policy increase structural problems? Will it have a positive or negative impact on food security? In this paper, a mathematical model is used to simulate farmers reactions to different water policy scenarios in Haryana (Northern part of India) and analyze their impact. This type of policy will have a low but positive impact on the expenditures of the Electricity Board and the Haryana State, but it will hinder farmer's income (in some cases even under the minimum standards) and increase the risk faced by farmers, due to the higher costs. Also, the rural population might confront lower nutritional intake, and the condition of the water resource might not be improved. In order to prevent complex and sometimes unfair impacts for the farmers, a water price policy will require "adjusted" tariffs according to the category of farmers (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Politique agricole, Énergie électrique, Ressource en eau, Fixation des prix, Économie de production, sécurité alimentaire, Économie domestique, Niveau de vie, Changement structurel, Modèle mathématique, Politique énergétique, Modèle de simulation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Inde

Mots-clés complémentaires : Modélisation mathématique

Classification Agris : E10 - Agricultural economics and policies
F06 - Irrigation
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods

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