Impacts of different water tariff reforms on rural livelihood and water and public resource in India ? : the case of Haryana producers

Alary Véronique, Deybe Daniel. 2002. Impacts of different water tariff reforms on rural livelihood and water and public resource in India ? : the case of Haryana producers. In : Sousse - Tunisia ISEE 2002 : proceedings of the 7th biennial conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics = ISEE 2002 Tunisie - Sousse : actes de la 7ème conférence biennale de la Société Internationale pour l'Economie Ecologique. ISEE. West Allis : ISEE, 1 Cd-Rom Biennial Conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics. 7, Sousse, Tunisie, 6 March 2002/9 March 2002.

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Autre titre : Quels impacts de différentes réformes du tarif de l'eau sur les conditions de vie en milieu rural, sur les ressources en eau et les ressources publiques en Inde ? : le cas des producteurs en Haryana

Abstract : Since 1991 India is undertaking a process of liberalization of the agricultural sector as part of a structural adjustment program. This process will strongly affect the irrigation patterns because it will induce a payment for the electricity used for pumping. Can farmers react positively to a change in water costs policies which might imply changes in the balance between activities within the production systems? Will this policy increase structural problems? Will it have a positive or negative impact on food security? In this paper, a mathematical model is used to simulate farmers reactions to different water policy scenarios in Haryana (Northern part of India) and analyze their impact. This type of policy will have a low but positive impact on the expenditures of the Electricity Board and the Haryana State, but it will hinder farmer's income (in some cases even under the minimum standards) and increase the risk faced by farmers, due to the higher costs. Also, the rural population might confront lower nutritional intake, and the condition of the water resource might not be improved. In order to prevent complex and sometimes unfair impacts for the farmers, a water price policy will require "adjusted" tariffs according to the category of farmers (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Fixation des prix, Politique agricole, Énergie électrique, Politique énergétique, Économie de production, sécurité alimentaire, Économie domestique, Niveau de vie, Changement structurel, Modèle mathématique, Modèle de simulation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Inde

Mots-clés complémentaires : Modélisation mathématique

Classification Agris : E10 - Agricultural economics and policies
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods
F06 - Irrigation

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