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The impact of molecular analyses on interpretations concerning the origin and domestication of Theobroma cacao L.

Motamayor Juan Carlos, Risterucci Ange-Marie, Lopez P.A., Lanaud Claire. 2000. The impact of molecular analyses on interpretations concerning the origin and domestication of Theobroma cacao L.. In : International conference on science and technology for managing plant genetic diversity in the 21st century. IPGRI, PORIM. Rome : IPGRI, Résumé International Conference on Science and Technology for Managing Plant Genetic Diversity in the 21st Century, Kuala Lumpur, Malaisie, 12 June 2000/16 June 2000.

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Abstract : Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) was cultivated by the Mayas over two thousand years ago. The type of cacao cultivated by the Mayas constitutes what is called the morphogeographic group Criollo, also known as Theobroma cacao L. subsp. cacao. Criollo cacao was thought to originate in Central America and to have evolved independently from the cacao type from the Amazon basin. Morphological diversity and recent molecular analysis had supported this hypothesis. Cacao populations from the Amazon basin are included in the second morphogeographic group, which is called Forastero and is considered as a different subspecies (sphaerocarpum). In order to gain a better understanding of the origin and the genetic basis of the cacao type cultivated in Central America, a study was carried out, after rigorous sampling, using RFLP and microsatellite markers. In contradiction to previous studies, "wild" and domesticated cacao from Central America was found to be genetically close and closer to Colombian-Ecuadorian individuals than Colombian-Ecuadorian individuals were to Peruvian ones. RFLP and microsatellite analyses also revealed a high level of homozygosity and a significantly low genetic diversity within the Criollo group. The results therefore suggest that the Criollo group probably originated from a few individuals in South America and that humans participated in spreading these individuals in Central America. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Variation génétique, Domestication, RFLP, Microsatellite, Marqueur génétique, Carte génétique

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Motamayor Juan Carlos, Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Ciencia y la Tecnología (VEN)
  • Risterucci Ange-Marie, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA)
  • Lopez P.A., Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Ciencia y la Tecnología (VEN)
  • Lanaud Claire, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6411-7310

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/489717/)

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