The origin of cultivated Coffea arabica L. varieties revealed by AFLP and SSR markers

Anthony François, Combes Marie-Christine, Astorga Carlos, Bertrand Benoît, Graziosi Giorgio, Lashermes Philippe. 2002. The origin of cultivated Coffea arabica L. varieties revealed by AFLP and SSR markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 104 (5) : pp. 894-900.

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Abstract : Molecular markers were used to assess polymorphism between and within the genetic bases of coffee (i.e. Typica and Bourbon) spread from Yemen since the early 18th century that have given rise to most arabica cultivars grown world-wide. Eleven Coffea arabica accessions derived from the disseminated bases were evaluated by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) using 37 primer combinations and simple-sequence repeats (SSRs) produced by six microsatellites. Four cultivars growing in Yemen and 11 subspontaneous accessions collected in the primary centre of diversity of the species were included in the study in order to define their relationship with the accessions derived from the genetic bases of cultivars. One hundred and seven AFLP markers were used to calculate genetic distances and construct a dendrogram. The accessions derived from the disseminated bases were grouped separately, according to their genetic origin, and were distinguished from the subspontaneous accessions. The Yemen cultivars were classified with the Typica-derived accessions. Except for one AFLP marker, all AFLP and SSR markers present in the cultivated accessions were also detected in the subspontaneous accessions. Polymorphism among the subspontaneous accessions was much higher than among the cultivated accessions. It was very low within the genetic bases, confirming the historical documentation on their dissemination. The results enabled a discussion of the genetic diversity reductions that successively occurred during the dissemination of C. arabica from its primary centre of diversity. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea arabica, Variété, Domestication, Polymorphisme génétique, Marqueur génétique, Microsatellite, Distance génétique, Variation génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Yémen

Mots-clés complémentaires : AFLP

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Anthony François, CATIE (CRI)
  • Combes Marie-Christine, IRD (FRA)
  • Astorga Carlos, CATIE (CRI)
  • Bertrand Benoît, CIRAD-CP-CAFE (CRI)
  • Graziosi Giorgio, Universita Degli Studi di Trieste (ITA)
  • Lashermes Philippe, IRD (FRA)

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