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Genetic improvement of rice at the Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center

Rutger J.N.. 2002. Genetic improvement of rice at the Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center. In : Rice genetic resources and breeding for Europe and other temperate areas : proceedings of Eurorice 2001 Symposium, Cirad, Ird, Ksau, Krasnodar Territory, Vniirisa, September, 3-8, 2001, Krasnodar, Russia. CIRAD, IRD, KSAU, Krasnodar. Montpellier : CIRAD ISBN 2-87614-504-9 Eurorice 2001 Symposium, Krasnodar, Russie, 3 September 2001/8 September 2001.

Paper with proceedings
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Abstract : The mission of the Center is to conduct research to keep the U.S. rice industry competitive in the global marketplace, by assuring high yields, superior grain quality, pest resistance and stress tolerance. Major emphases are on multidisciplinary team approaches for genetic improvement of rice, and biology and control of weeds. Disciplines include genetics, cytogenetics, molecular genetics, molecular plant pathology, molecular biology, germplasm evaluation, grain chemistry, and plant physiology. Much genetic improvement of rice in the U.S. has been through conventional pedigree breeding, for characters such as short stature and disease resistance. Useful mutants have been induced for semidwarfism, early maturity, glutinous endosperm, and low phytic acid. Virtually all U.S. rice is japonica: temperate japonica as in California, or tropical japonica as in the southern U.S. Narrow germplasm bases are present in these japonicas, related to specific quality and cooking characteristics: low amylose (14-16%), moist and chewy cooked rice in the temperate japonicas; and intermediate amylose (20-22%), dry and flaky cooked rice in the tropical japonicas. In recent years high-yielding indica rices have been identified that provide incentive for indica conversion programs. Since the indicas do not have satisfactory cooking characters for U.S. markets, a challenging opportunity is to create U.S. long grain quality in the high-yielding, disease resistant, indica background. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza, Amélioration des plantes, Génétique, Biologie moléculaire, Physiologie végétale, Pathologie végétale, Mutation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : États-Unis

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rutger J.N., USDA (USA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/510106/)

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