Ecosystem respiration in two Mediterranean evergreen holm oak forests: drought effects and decomposition dynamics

Reichstein Markus, Tenhunen John D., Roupsard Olivier, Ourcival Jean-Marc, Rambal Serge, Dore S., Valentini Riccardo. 2002. Ecosystem respiration in two Mediterranean evergreen holm oak forests: drought effects and decomposition dynamics. Functional Ecology, 16 (1) : pp. 27-39.

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Autre titre : Respiration de l'écosystème chez deux forêts méditerranéennes sempervirentes de chênes verts : effets de la sécheresse et dynamique de la décomposition

Abstract : 1. We present ecosystem respiration data from two Mediterranean forest sites in central Italy (Castelporziano) and southern France (Puéchabon) in order to analyse the role of soil drought and decomposition dynamics using different models. 2. Ecosystem respiration was derived from continuous eddy covariance measurements. The entire data set was separated into 5-day periods. For each period a function depending on three parameters was fitted to the scatter of eddy CO2 flux versus photosynthetic photon flux density. The gamma intercept of each curve was taken as an estimate of the average night-time ecosystem respiration during the period. The ecosystem respiration was analysed with different regression models as a function of soil water content and temperature. 3. Ecosystem respiration ranged from 1 to 7 micromol m-2 s-1 and showed a clear seasonality, with low rates during drought periods and in winter. The regression model analysis revealed that in drier soil, ecosystem respiration was more sensitive to soil moisture than is expressed by the often used hyperbolic model. 4. In contradiction to a simple multiplicative model, the Q10 of ecosystem respiration was not independent of moisture, but increased from nearly 1·0 at low moisture to above 2·0 at field capacity. Several explanations are discussed. 5. Of the variance in ecosystem respiration, 70-80% was explained with a model where Q10 of ecosystem respiration is a function of soil water content. 6. For the Puéchabon site, a soil carbon-balance model predicted only small changes in litter pool size (max. 7%), which caused only minor changes in soil microbial respiration (0·1micromol m-2 s-1). In contrast, the contribution of microbial regrowth dynamics to ecosystem respiration is estimated to be substantial (about 1·6 micromol m-2 s-1). The model predicted that soil microbial respiration probably provides the largest contribution to ecosystem respiration (about 50%). The importance of below-ground processes for ecosystem C balances is thus emphasized. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Quercus ilex, Forêt feuillue sempervirente, Cycle du carbone, Sécheresse, Respiration, Modèle de simulation, Teneur en eau du sol, Température du sol, Respiration du sol

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France, Italie

Classification Agris : F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
P34 - Soil biology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Reichstein Markus, Universität Bayreuth (DEU)
  • Tenhunen John D., Universität Bayreuth (DEU)
  • Roupsard Olivier, CIRAD-CP-COCOTIER (VUT)
  • Ourcival Jean-Marc, CNRS (FRA)
  • Rambal Serge, CNRS (FRA)
  • Dore S., Università degli studi della Tuscia (ITA)
  • Valentini Riccardo, Università degli studi della Tuscia (ITA)

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