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Developing sustainable cropping systems with minimal inputs in Madagascar : Direct seeding on plant cover with "soil smoukdering" (écobuage) techniques

Michellon Roger, Razakamiaramanana, Randriamanantsoa R., Séguy Lucien. 2001. Developing sustainable cropping systems with minimal inputs in Madagascar : Direct seeding on plant cover with "soil smoukdering" (écobuage) techniques. In : Conservation agriculture, a worldwide challenge : Ist World congress on conservation agriculture. Garcia-Torres Luis (ed.), Benites José (ed.), Martinez-Vilela Armando (ed.). ECAF, FAO. Cordoba : XUL, pp. 45-50. ISBN 84-932237-0-0 Congrès mondial d'agriculture de conservation. 1, Madrid, Espagne, 1 October 2001/5 October 2001.

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Abstract : In the Hautes-Terres region of Madagascar, population pressure is accelerating the conversion of hilly areas with fragile and relatively infertile soils into cropland. As fertilizers are limited, crop yields remain low and erosion is destroying rice fields. Instead of clearing areas fallowed with Aristida sp. by burning, this biomass can be kept for use as mulch and for «soil smouldering» (écobuage). The effects of this strategy were found to be spectacular, i.e. boosting rainfed rice yields to levels that could be achieved with high chemical fertilizer inputs to which farmers have no access for financial reasons. All fuels used (Aristida sp. or barley straw, rice husks, and Acacia mearnsii branches) significantly increased crop yields relative to the control (without soil smouldering). A residual effect was noted in the second year, especially on volcanic soils with high organic matter levels. Hence, sustainable cropping systems that fulfil farmers' needs while protecting their rice fields can be developed through the use of sod smouldering -performed just once to boost soil fertility-associated with direct seeding techniques. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Riz pluvial, Glycine max, Sol volcanique, Rendement des cultures, Semis direct, Couverture végétale, Lutte antiérosion, Brûlage dirigé, Fertilisation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Mots-clés complémentaires : Écobuage

Classification Agris : F07 - Soil cultivation

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Michellon Roger, CIRAD-CA-GEC (MDG)
  • Razakamiaramanana, CENDRADERU (MDG)
  • Randriamanantsoa R., CENDRADERU (MDG)
  • Séguy Lucien, CIRAD-CA-GEC (BRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/513149/)

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