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Variation for main quantitative traits in the seedling and vegetative cycles of the Embrapa pineapple hybridization program

Cabral José Renato Santos, De Matos Aristoteles Pires, Coppens D'Eeckenbrugge Géo. 2005. Variation for main quantitative traits in the seedling and vegetative cycles of the Embrapa pineapple hybridization program. In : Proceedings of the Fourth International pineapple symposium, Veracruz, Mexico, April 16-19, 2002. Rebolledo Martínez Andrés (ed.), Uriza Avila Daniel E. (ed.). ISHS-Section Tropical and Subtropical Horticulture-Working Group on Pineapple. Louvain : ISHS [Belgique], pp. 83-92. (Acta Horticulturae, 666) ISBN 90-6605-420-4 International Pineapple Symposium. 4, Veracruz, Mexique, 16 April 2002/19 April 2002.

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Abstract : Data from the EMBRAPA breeding program, involving 425 seedlings from progenies of 17 crosses, and 108 clones established from selected seedlings, were submitted to univariate and multivariate analysis, including correlation and principal components analysis of quantitative traits, comparisons and correlations between the seedling cycle and the following vegetative cycles. All traits showed a continuous, unimodal distribution, except for the number of slips that followed a bimodal one, with peaks for zero and five slips. Plants with no slips were only found in the families involving cultivars with the same characteristic. These two observations indicate that a single gene plays a major role in the production of a limited number of slips. The 17 progenies differed significantly for the other traits, except for total soluble solid content (TSS) and sucker production. Difference of segregation for the reciprocal crosses involving 'Smooth Cayenne' and 'Primavera' showed a maternal effect on peduncle length, crown size, fruit acidity, and sucker production. No significant differences were observed between seedlings and the clones derived from them through traditional vegetative multiplication, except for sucker production, which was much higher in the seedlings. Fruit size in the seedling stage, which is the variable with major contribution to total variation, is not significantly correlated with fruit size in the following vegetative cycles. Fruit shape, TSS, number of slips, and peduncle length, are much better criteria for the selection of seedlings. The correlation values between fruit size on one hand and crown size, fruit axis diameter, and TSS on the other hand are low, so they should pose no problems in the selection of superior recombinants. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ananas comosus, Hybridation, Analyse de données, Héritabilité, Amélioration des plantes, Variation génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Cabral José Renato Santos, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • De Matos Aristoteles Pires, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Coppens D'Eeckenbrugge Géo, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (COL)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/513352/)

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