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Agent-based simulations of interactions between duck population, farming decisions and leasing of hunting rights in the Camargue (Southern France)

Mathevet Raphaël, Bousquet François, Le Page Christophe, Antona Martine. 2003. Agent-based simulations of interactions between duck population, farming decisions and leasing of hunting rights in the Camargue (Southern France). Ecological Modelling, 165 (2-3) : pp. 107-126.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : Understanding and predicting how bird populations and land cover respond to natural and anthropogenic changes is a major challenge for environmental planning. Multi-agent modelling enables horizontal relationships (spatial configurations) and vertical relationships (socio-economic organisation) to be integrated. GEMACE is a multi-agent model for simulating farming-hunting-duck interactions in the Camargue (Southern France). For an archetypal region, we simulated land-use conversion and ecological change in space and time resulting from the interaction between environment and human drivers. A wintering duck population is simulated and distributed heterogeneously in its habitats. The duck population is affected by various environmental factors such as land-use changes, wetland management, hunting harvest, and disturbance. Land-use decisions are made at farmland level by farmers and hunting managers. Important biophysical drivers are water and salt through land relief, land-use history, infrastructure, spatial neighbourhood, and current land use. Important human drivers are the economic conditions of the world agricultural market and land-use strategy. Through three scenario runs, we discuss the implications that can be drawn from this modelling application with regard to the viability of a spatial conservation management alternative and multi-field research on sustainable development. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oiseau aquatique, Canard, Chasse, Utilisation des terres, Rizière, Oryza, Modèle de simulation, Zone humide

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Mots-clés complémentaires : Système multiagents

Classification Agris : U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/514271/)

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