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Application of cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence method for analysis of cytoplasmic genome among Aurantioideae intergeneric somatic hybrids

Lotfy Samia, Luro François, Carreel Françoise, Froelicher Yann, Rist Delphine, Ollitrault Patrick. 2003. Application of cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence method for analysis of cytoplasmic genome among Aurantioideae intergeneric somatic hybrids. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 128 (2) : pp. 225-230.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Somatic hybridization allows the creation of new patterns of nuclear, mitochondrial and chloroplastic association. It is therefore necessary to master cytoplasmic molecular markers to determine the genetic origin of both organelles of plantlets obtained from protoplasts fusion. In the case of Citrus and related genera, only southern blot hybridization and restriction fragment-length polymorphism (RFLP) techniques were used for this task until now. Here, we describe the use in the Aurantioideae subfamily, of a simple and non labeling cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) technique, to determine the cytoplasmic genome origin of intergeneric somatic hybrids. Mitochondrial and chloroplastic universal primers previously selected for population genetic studies in Quercus by Demesure et al. (1995) are used with some modifications. The variability of cytoplasmic genome among somatic fusion partners is detected by coupling amplification and restriction reactions. Digested DNA fragments are analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis (PCR-RFLP). This technique has been applied for the analysis of the cytoplasmic constitution of somatic hybrids arising from intergeneric, intersubtribal and intertribal combinations. Systematic transmission of the mitochondria from protoplasts isolated from embryogenic callus parents was confirmed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Citrus, Génome, Cytoplasme, Hybride somatique, Marqueur génétique, ADN, Fusion de protoplastes, Multiplication des plantes, Amélioration des plantes, Hybridation somatique, RFLP, Variation génétique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Variabilité génétique, Caps, Aurantioideae

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lotfy Samia
  • Luro François, INRA (FRA)
  • Carreel Françoise, CIRAD-FLHOR-BPA (GLP)
  • Froelicher Yann, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (FRA)
  • Rist Delphine
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/514781/)

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