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Sorghum head-bugs and grain molds in West and Central Africa: 2. Relationships between weather, head-bug and mold damage on sorghum grains

Ratnadass Alain, Butler David R., Marley Paul S., Bandyopadhyay R., Hess D.E., Akintayo Inussa. 2003. Sorghum head-bugs and grain molds in West and Central Africa: 2. Relationships between weather, head-bug and mold damage on sorghum grains. Crop Protection, 22 : pp. 853-858.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : A regional Sorghum Head-Bug and Grain Mold Trial was conducted in 1996 and 1997 by WCASRN in, respectively, 15 and 13 research stations in ten west and central African countries. Empirical relationships between weather factors and head-bug damage on the one hand, and between weather factors and grain mold damage on the other hand, were examined using the "Window" computer program. No significant correlation was found between head-bug damage and those weather factors examined. In the case of grain mold, high relative humidity (RH) during early plant growth (5-40 days after sowing, DAS) on the one hand, and between end of flowering and harvest (65-125 DAS) on the other hand, were the most strongly correlated with mold incidence. The relationships between maximum RH and grain mold scores in the scatter diagrams were clearly non-linear, showing a marked increase in grain mold scores when the RH exceeded a threshold of about 95%. These results are discussed and future research directions are proposed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum bicolor, Miridae, Insecte nuisible, Moisissure, Relation hôte pathogène, Facteur climatique, Conditions météorologiques

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, République centrafricaine, Tchad, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinée, Mali, Niger, Nigéria, Afrique occidentale, Afrique centrale

Mots-clés complémentaires : Eurystylus oldi, Complexe parasitaire

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants
H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ratnadass Alain, CIRAD-CA-CALIM (MDG) ORCID: 0000-0002-8873-5671
  • Butler David R., UWI (TTO)
  • Marley Paul S., Ahmadu Bello University (NGA)
  • Bandyopadhyay R., ICRISAT (IND)
  • Hess D.E., ICRISAT (MLI)
  • Akintayo Inussa, WCASRN (MLI)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/516746/)

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