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The tree behind the forest : ecological and economic importance of traditional agroforestry systems and multiple uses of tree in India

Depommier Denis. 2002. The tree behind the forest : ecological and economic importance of traditional agroforestry systems and multiple uses of tree in India. In : Traditional ecological knowledge, conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development : proceedings of the Indo-French colloquium. Depommier Denis (ed.), Ramakrishnan P.S. (ed.). Institut français de Pondichéry. Auroville : Institut français de Pondichéry, pp. 42-58. (Insitut français de Pondichéry écologie) Indo-French Colloquim, New Delhi, Inde, 16 October 2001.

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Abstract : Multipurpose trees (MPTs) and agroforestry systems have been omnipresent in India since immemorial times but they still remain very little known. Drastic socio-economic changes in the context of the Green Revolution have affected the tree-based traditional agro-systems for the benefit of productivity and market oriented cropping systems, but at the expense of the environment. As observed in the homegardens of Kerala or the coffee-based systems of Coorg, the many economic and ecological roles MPTs can play constitute a major asset in the reconciliation of a certain level of biodiversity conservation with production requirements in the humid zone. Similarly, in the extended drylands of India, multipurpose trees and palms such as Azadivachta indica, Borassus flabellifer and Prosopis cineraria can contribute to bridging environmental and socioeconomic issues for sustainable development. In this perspective, commercially oriented tree species like Tectona grandis on irrigated lands are to be considered as important drivers of this development. Mangroves, constituting a multipurpose and highly productive but endangered ecosystem, are part of these traditional socio-ecological systems from which integrated and adaptive management models should be designed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agroforesterie, Structure agricole, Arbre à buts multiples

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Inde

Mots-clés complémentaires : Arbre hors forêt

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Depommier Denis, CIRAD-FORET-DIR (IND)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/519549/)

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