Management and dynamics of palmyra (Borassus flabellifer L.) stands in Tamil Nadu : the end of a traditional agroforestry system ?

Cassou Jérôme, Depommier Denis. 2001. Management and dynamics of palmyra (Borassus flabellifer L.) stands in Tamil Nadu : the end of a traditional agroforestry system ?. In : Traditional ecological knowledge, conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development : proceedings of the Indo-French colloquium. Depommier Denis (ed.), Ramakrishnan P.S. (ed.). Institut français de Pondichéry. Auroville : Institut français de Pondichéry, pp. 210-223. (Insitut français de Pondichéry écologie) Indo-French Colloquim, New Delhi, Inde, 16 October 2001.

Paper without proceedings
Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract : The management of Palmyra (Borassus flabellifer L.), a commonly planted palm tree in the coastal area of Udangudi, southern of Tamil Nadu, is today highly constrained by specific socio-economic changes. The species is found in pure stands and high density (251/ha) on beige sands, and in association with Moringa oleifera and Cocos nucifera (density: 99/ha) on red irrigated sandy soils. It was traditionally exploited for its sap, but is today of less economic interest for the owners. Moreover the latter are dependent on sap tapers who are only from the of Nadar caste and who are themselves less trained and motivated than formerly. Hence the owners cut many palm trees to make immediate profit from the sale of their trunks. At the market level, the low price of the sugar processed from the sap also leads to the diminished interest of "jaggery" and "candy" producers. Finally, the all Palmyra network, its dynamics and the "cultural landscape" the species has constituted since immemorial times is affected. The species and its network could disappear if no solution is found regarding the integrated development of the agro-ecological systems constituted by the species. Based on its many uses and the still strong traditional ecological knowledge, the Palmyra could be promoted to serve sustainable development through a needed adaptive management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Borassus flabellifer, Gestion des ressources, Dynamique des populations, Agroforesterie, Sociologie rurale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Inde

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
E50 - Rural sociology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Cassou Jérôme, Institut français de Pondichéry (IND)
  • Depommier Denis, CIRAD-FORET-DIR (IND)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2019-10-03 ]