Comparison between modulus of elasticity values calculated using 3 and 4 point bending tests of wooden samples

Brancheriau Loïc, Baillères Henri, Guitard D.. 2002. Comparison between modulus of elasticity values calculated using 3 and 4 point bending tests of wooden samples. Wood Science and Technology, 36 (5) : pp. 367-383.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Several data banks on wooden properties of different species contain mechanical characteristics of which the bending modulus of elasticity. This modulus can be calculated using different test methods, the more ordinary used are the 3 point and 4 point bending tests. The values obtained by one method cannot be directly compared with those of other methods. So the bending properties read in a data bank have to be converted before using them and correctly compared with other data from different references. The aim of this study is to make an analytic formula of a crossing coefficient between 3 point and 4 point bending concerning the longitudinal modulus of elasticity measured following the French standards (NF 1942; NF 1987). This formula includes a study of the shear force influence, and a study of supports and loading head indentation effect, in a 3 point bending test. The analytical study and the experiences have shown that the supports and loading head indentation effect are not negligible but have the same influence as the shear effect. The indentation is the result of the competition between two physical phenomena which are the wood stiffness and the load level applied on the piece of wood during a bending test. The practical result of this study is the development of a crossing analytic formula from a 3 point bending modulus of elasticity to a 4 point bending one, verified by the experimentation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Élasticité, Propriété technologique, Échantillonnage, Propriété physicochimique

Classification Agris : K50 - Processing of forest products

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Brancheriau Loïc, CIRAD-FORET-BOIS (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-9580-7696
  • Baillères Henri, CIRAD-FORET-BOIS (FRA)
  • Guitard D., ENSAM [Ecole nationale supérieure des arts et métiers] (FRA)

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