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A dynamic, architectural plant model simulating resource-dependent growth

Yan Hong-Ping, Kang Meng Zhen, De Reffye Philippe, Dingkuhn Michaël. 2004. A dynamic, architectural plant model simulating resource-dependent growth. Annals of Botany, 93 : pp. 591-602.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : - Background and Aims Physiological and architectural plant models have originally been developed for different purposes and therefore have little in common, thus making combined applications difficult. There is, however, an increasing demand for crop models that simulate the genetic and resource-dependent variability of plant geometry and architecture, because man is increasingly able to transform plant production systems through combined genetic and environmental engineering. - Model GREENLAB is presented, a mathematical plant model that simulates interactions between plant structure and function. Dual-scale automaton is used to simulate plant organogenesis from germination to maturity on the basis of organogenetic growth cycles that have constant thermal time. Plant fresh biomass production is computed from transpiration, assuming transpiration efficiency to be constant and atmospheric demand to be the driving force, under non-limiting water supply. The fresh biomass is then distributed among expanding organs according to their relative demand. Demand for organ growth is estimated from allometric relationships (e.g. leaf surface to weight ratios) and kinetics of potential growth rate for each organ type. These are obtained through parameter optimization against empirical, morphological data sets by running the model in inverted mode. Potential growth rates are then used as estimates of relative sink strength in the model. These and other 'hidden' plant parameters are calibrated using the non-linear, least-square method. - Key Results and Conclusions The model reproduced accurately the dynamics of plant growth, architecture and geometry of various annual and woody plants, enabling 3D visualization. It was also able to simulate the variability of leaf size on the plant and compensatory growth following pruning, as a result of internal competition for resources. The potential of the model's underlying concepts to predict the plant's phenotypic plasticity is discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Modèle mathématique, Modèle de simulation, Croissance, Anatomie végétale, Port de la plante, Développement biologique, Arbre, Biomasse, Phénotype, Organogénèse, Imagerie, Application des ordinateurs, Modélisation

Mots-clés complémentaires : Architecture des arbres, Croissance des plantes

Classification Agris : U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F50 - Plant structure

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Yan Hong-Ping, Institute of Automation (CHN)
  • Kang Meng Zhen, Institute of Automation (CHN)
  • De Reffye Philippe, CIRAD-AMIS-AMAP (FRA)
  • Dingkuhn Michaël, CIRAD-AMIS-AGRONOMIE (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR12409 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_PE871 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/520493/)

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