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Characterisation and genetic mapping of resistance and defence gene analogs in cocoa (Theobrama cacao L.)

Lanaud Claire, Risterucci Ange-Marie, Pieretti Isabelle, N'Goran Jeanne A.K., Fargeas Dominique. 2004. Characterisation and genetic mapping of resistance and defence gene analogs in cocoa (Theobrama cacao L.). Molecular Breeding, 13 (3) : pp. 211-227.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Disease resistance and defence gene analog (RGA/DGA) sequences were isolated in cocoa using a PCR approach with degenerate primers designed from conserved domains of plant resistance and defence genes: the NBS (nucleotide binding site) motif present in a number of resistance genes such as the tobacco N, sub-domains of plant serine/threonine kinases such as the Pto tomato gene, and conserved domains of two defence gene families: pathogenesis-related proteins (PR) of classes 2 and 5. Nucleotide identity between thirty six sequences isolated from cocoa and known resistance or defence genes varied from 58 to 80%. Amino acid sequences translated from corresponding coding sequences produced sequences without stop codons, except for one NBS - like sequence. Most of the RGAs could be mapped on the cocoa genome and three clusters of genes could be observed: NBS-like sequences clustered in two regions located on chromosomes 7 and 10, Pto-like sequences mapped in five genome regions of which one, located on chromosome 4, corresponded to a cluster of five different sequences. PR2-like sequences mapped in two regions located on chromosome 5 and 9 respectively. An enrichment of the genetic map with microsatellite markers allowed us to identify several co-localisations of RGAs, DGAs and QTL for resistance to Phytophthora detected in several progenies, particularly on chromosome 4 where a cluster of Pto-like sequences and 4 QTL for resistance to Phytophthora were observed. Many other serious diseases affect cocoa and the candidate genes, isolated in this study, could be of broader interest in cocoa disease management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Résistance aux maladies, Résistance génétique, Phytophthora, Carte génétique, Marqueur génétique, PCR, Séquence d'acides aminés

Mots-clés complémentaires : QTL, Gène de résistance

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lanaud Claire, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6411-7310
  • Risterucci Ange-Marie, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA)
  • Pieretti Isabelle, CIRAD-AMIS-PROTECTION DES CULTURES (FRA)
  • N'Goran Jeanne A.K., CNRA (CIV)
  • Fargeas Dominique

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/521050/)

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