Effects of crop management patterns on coffee rust epidemics

Avelino Jacques, Willocquet Laetitia, Savary Serge. 2004. Effects of crop management patterns on coffee rust epidemics. Plant Pathology, 53 (5) : pp. 541-547.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : The effects of crop management patterns on coffee rust epidemics, caused by Hemileia vastatrix, are not well documented despite large amounts of data acquired in the field on epidemics, and much modelling work done on this disease. One main reason for this gap between epidemiological knowledge and understanding for management resides in the lack of links between many studies and actual production situations in the field. Coffee rust epidemics are based on a seemingly simple infection cycle, but develop polycyclic epidemics in a season and polyetic epidemics over successive seasons. These higher-level processes involve a very large number of environmental variables and, as in any system involving a perennial crop, the physiology of the coffee crop and how it affects crop yield. Crop management is therefore expected to have large effects on coffee rust epidemics because of its immediate effect on the infection cycle, but also because of its cumulative effect on ongoing and successive epidemics. Quantitative examples taken from a survey conducted in Honduras illustrate how crop management, different combinations of shade, coffee tree density, fertilization and pruning may strongly influence coffee rust epidemics through effects on microclimate and plant physiology which, in turn, influence the life cycle of the fungus. We suggest there is a need for novel coffee rust management systems which fully integrate crop management patterns in order to manage the disease in a sustainable way. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea, Maladie fongique, Rouille, Hemileia vastatrix, épidémie, Système de culture, Pratique culturale

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F01 - Crops

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