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Prediction of sensorial properties (color and taste) of amala, a paste from yam chips flour of West Africa, through flour biochemical properties

Mestres Christian, Dorthe Sandrine, Akissoé Noël H., Hounhouigan Joseph D.. 2004. Prediction of sensorial properties (color and taste) of amala, a paste from yam chips flour of West Africa, through flour biochemical properties. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 59 (3) : pp. 93-99.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Color and taste are permanent features of smala, a traditional thick paste obtained from yam chips flour. To assess these attributes, 23 yam chips presenting various quality attributes were processed. The sensory attributes of their derived amala were determined and some biochemical characteristics of yam flours measured. A panel defined five main taste attributes for smala: sweetness, bitterness, acidity, fermented, and roasted tastes. Amala color was measured instrumentally and sensory scores were highly correlated with flour biochemical analyses; smala sweetness was positively correlated with glucose and fructose content of the flour, whereas smala acidity and fermented taste were linked to organic acids and lactic acid contents of flour, respectively. In addition, darkness, bitterness, and roasted tastes of smala could be tightly predicted by multiple regression analysis from phenolic compound and glucose-fructose contents. Phenolic content of yam flour plays thus a key role on sensorial quality of smala. However, polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activities were almost null in yam flours and their specific role on yam flour phenolic content needs to be clarified. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Dioscorea, Igname, Analyse organoleptique, Biochimie, Composition chimique, Couleur, Flaveur, Composé aromatique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin, Afrique occidentale

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Mestres Christian, CIRAD-CA-CALIM (BEN)
  • Dorthe Sandrine
  • Akissoé Noël H., UNB (BEN)
  • Hounhouigan Joseph D., UNB (BEN)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/523919/)

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