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Successful acclimatization of Psyttalia fletcheri (Braconidae : Opiinae) for biological control of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera : Tephritidae), on Reunion Island

Quilici Serge, Hurtrel Béatrice, Messing Russell H., Montagneux B., Barbet A., Gourdon Frédéric, Malvotti A., Simon Aymeric. 2004. Successful acclimatization of Psyttalia fletcheri (Braconidae : Opiinae) for biological control of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera : Tephritidae), on Reunion Island. In : Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, 6-10 May 2002, Stellenbosch, South Africa. Barnes Brian N. (ed.). ARC. Irene : Isteg Scientific Publications, pp. 457-459. ISBN 1-86849-298-2 International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance. 6, Stellenbosch, Afrique du Sud, 6 May 2002/10 May 2002.

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Abstract : Since its introduction to Réunion Island probably more than 40 years ago, the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), has become one of the most serious pests attacking Cucurbitaceae crops on the island. In 1995, a biological control programme was initiated by CIRAD in collaboration with USDA Hawaii and the University of Hawaii to try and introduce the melon fly parasitoid, Psyttalia fletcheri (Silvestri), from Hawaii, in order to improve the natural control of melon fly populations in areas with wild cucurbits. A laboratory colony was developed and more than 195 000 adult parasitoids of both sexes were released from 1995 to 1997. P. fletcheri was first recovered in 1996 from five different sites. From 1996 to 2001, P. fletcheri was recovered from 12 sites situated all around the island. All collections were from only one host-fruit, the bitter gourd Momordica charantia L. Parasitism rates were highly variable, between 1 and 75%. From 1996 to 1998, recoveries were obtained from sites only where the parasitoid had been released. However, in 2001 P. fletcheri was recorded far from any release site, confirming its ability to disperse effectively. The parasitoid can now be considered to be acclimatized on Réunion Island and it will be useful to analyse the evolution of its parasitism rates over several years in order to assess its impact on populations of the local Dacini species, and particularly on populations of B. cucurbitae. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Cucumis melo, Bactrocera cucurbitae, Tephritidae, Insecte nuisible, Adaptation, Parasitoïde, Lutte biologique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Mots-clés complémentaires : Psyttalia fletcheri

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Quilici Serge, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (REU)
  • Hurtrel Béatrice, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (REU)
  • Messing Russell H.
  • Montagneux B.
  • Barbet A.
  • Gourdon Frédéric, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (REU)
  • Malvotti A.
  • Simon Aymeric, CIRAD-FLHOR-BEP (GLP)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/524470/)

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