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Characterizing stress effects on rice grain development and filling using grain weight and size distribution

Fabre Denis, Siband Pierre-Lucien, Dingkuhn Michaël. 2005. Characterizing stress effects on rice grain development and filling using grain weight and size distribution. Field Crops Research, 92 (1) : pp. 11-16.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Abiotic stresses such as salinity affect rice yield components and grain quality. Among these components, 1000-grain weight (TGW) is thought to be quite constant due to a rigid hull whose size is genetically determined, but chilling and salinity stresses have been reported to strongly reduce TGW. A new, automated methodology is presented to analyze grain weight, length and width distributions for grain samples. Frequency distribution analyses on the basis of histograms generally gave bimodal patterns for grain weight (filled and unfilled grains) and monomodal patterns for grain dimensions. These histograms permit the distinction of unfilled, partially filled and fully filled grains. Peak shape and location on the histogram provide further information potentially useful for the diagnosis of physiological stresses affecting grain hull development, spikelet fertility and filling, and may be of value in breeding and grain quality research. The methodology was applied to rice grain samples taken from farmer's fields having different levels of soil salinity in the Camargue delta region in France. High salinity levels were associated with an increased fraction of unfilled spikelets and reduced grain dimensions and weight, which point at salinity affects taking place before flowering during hull development. The methodology is being further developed with a biometric tool for histogram analysis, and will be extended to other stresses and germplasm. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Grain, Stress osmotique, Qualité, Dimension, Remplissage du grain, Salinité du sol, Infertilité

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F01 - Crop husbandry
Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fabre Denis, CIRAD-AMIS-AGRONOMIE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-6222-2587
  • Siband Pierre-Lucien, CIRAD-AMIS-AGRONOMIE (FRA)
  • Dingkuhn Michaël, CIRAD-AMIS-AGRONOMIE (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/526262/)

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