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Integrated locust management in developing countries : from ecology to anthropology

Lecoq Michel. 2005. Integrated locust management in developing countries : from ecology to anthropology. Metaleptea, n.s., Résumé : p. 54. International Conference of the Orthopterists' Society. 9, Canmore, Canada, 14 August 2005/19 August 2005.

Journal article ; Article de revue sans comité de lecture
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Abstract : In many developing countries, especially in Africa, locusts remain a major threat for food security and social stability, particularly for many rural populations who depend on crops grown in high climatic risk areas. Preventive strategies, developed through continuous advances in locust ecology, proved effective, and led to a dramatic decrease in the outbreak frequency and duration over the last 40 years. Nevertheless, during recent desert locust outbreaks, the current organization to manage emergency situations was revealed to be insufficient with respect to the affected countries and to the international community of donors whose funds are mobilized too slowly during a crisis. The shortage of knowledge on the locust problem has long been an impediment to rational implementation of control operations. This is no longer the case. The main problems are now of an organizational nature. The lack of insight into the rationale and strategies of the many different stakeholders concerned about locusts seems to be a major factor responsible for crisis management dysfunction and for reducing the effectiveness of control operations. Favourable conditions must be created to develop truly sustainable preventive control strategies through the implementation of natural risk management plans for locust outbreaks. Studies on these outbreaks should be based on the biological and ecological mechanisms considered to date and also be broadened to include economic, social, organisational and cultural mechanisms that have been largely overlooked in the past. A new paradigm is required that is focused on the ecology of the locust, but which also takes human imperatives and new concepts, such as risk management systems, stakeholder strategies, and governance into serious consideration. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Acrididae, Écologie, Anthropologie sociale, Planification, Prise de décision, Pays en développement

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Lutte anti-acridien, Prévention

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants
E14 - Development economics and policies

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lecoq Michel, CIRAD-AMIS-UPR Acridologie (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Localisation du document : CD_BR1675 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/528213/)

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