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Mineralisation of C and N from root, stem and leaf residues in soil and role of their biochemical quality

Abiven Samuel, Recous Sylvie, Reyes Victor, Oliver Robert. 2005. Mineralisation of C and N from root, stem and leaf residues in soil and role of their biochemical quality. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 42 (2) : pp. 119-128.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : The influence of biochemical characteristics of 15 crop residues on C and N mineralisation in soil was investigated by following the decomposition of roots, stems and leaves of four subtropical species and one temperate species buried into the soil. The C, N and poly-phenols contents were measured in different biochemical pools obtained from residues of the different organs. The mineralisation of root C was significantly lower than that of leaves and stems. Chemical analysis showed a higher polyphenol content in the leaves and a higher ligninlike content in the roots. Carbon and N mineralisation were simulated with the STICS decomposition submodel and tested against the data set. The model predicted leaf and stem C mineralisation for all five species fairly accurately, but failed to predict root C mineralisation, indirectly revealing the more complex composition of the root tissue. The results showed the interest of separately considering the different plant parts when studying plant residue de-composition and the need to develop other methods of residue quality characterisation to improve the prediction of residue decomposition. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Plante de couverture, Résidu de récolte, Biodégradation, Minéralisation, Composé organique, Qualité

Classification Agris : F04 - Fertilizing

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Abiven Samuel, INRA (FRA)
  • Recous Sylvie, INRA (FRA)
  • Reyes Victor
  • Oliver Robert, CIRAD-CA-UPR Recyclage et risque (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/529518/)

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