Transitions in ancient inland freshwater resource management in Sri Lanka affect biota and human populations in and around coastal lagoons

Dahdouh-Guebas Farid, Hettiarachchi S.M., Lo Seen Danny, Batelaan O., Sooriyarachchi S.S., Jayatissa L.P., Koedam Nico. 2005. Transitions in ancient inland freshwater resource management in Sri Lanka affect biota and human populations in and around coastal lagoons. Current Biology, 15 (6) : pp. 579-586.

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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Anthropologie-Ethnologie; Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : The increasing anthropogenic pressure on natural environments results in impacts that affect tropical forest areas and their biodiversity [1, 2]. Adverse impacts on terrestrial and oceanic environments often compound in the intertidal area, where mangrove forest ecosystems thrive. In tropical coastal areas of many developing countries where people depend on wood and other mangrove forest products and services, forest degradation leads to socioeconomic problems. At the same time, increasing freshwater needs in these areas are expected to cause additional problems [3-5]. On the basis of remote sensing and ground truthing complemented by colonial archival material from the Dutch East India Company (1602-1800), we report that changes to the historic system of inland freshwater management have increased dramatically in recent times. Hydrological changes, such as interbasin transfers, have resulted in a qualitative ecological and socioeconomic degradation in three coastal lagoons in southern Sri Lanka. Variations in river hydrology have caused changes in the areas suitable as mangrove habitat and, thus, have resulted in an altered distribution. However, increases in mangrove area can mask the degradation of the site in terms of floristic composition, significance of the species, and biodiversity (this effect is termed "cryptic ecological degradation"). It Is important that such changes be carefully monitored to ensure biological and socioeconomic sustainability. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Mangrove, forêt tropicale, Changement climatique, Lagune littorale, Cours d'eau, Écosystème, Salinité, Développement socioéconomique, Dégradation de l'environnement, Biodiversité, Durabilité

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sri Lanka, Kenya

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K70 - Forest injuries and protection
P02 - Pollution

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dahdouh-Guebas Farid, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (BEL)
  • Hettiarachchi S.M., University of Ruhuna (LKA)
  • Lo Seen Danny, CIRAD-AMIS-UPR Spatialisation (IND) ORCID: 0000-0002-7773-2109
  • Batelaan O., Vrije Universiteit Brussel (BEL)
  • Sooriyarachchi S.S., University of Ruhuna (LKA)
  • Jayatissa L.P., University of Ruhuna (LKA)
  • Koedam Nico, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (BEL)

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