Season effects on leaf nitrogen partitioning and photosynthetic water use efficiency in mango

Urban Laurent, Montpied Pierre, Normand Frédéric. 2006. Season effects on leaf nitrogen partitioning and photosynthetic water use efficiency in mango. Journal of Plant Physiology, 163 (1) : pp. 48-57.

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Abstract : The key parameters of photosynthetic capacity (maximum carboxylation rate (Vcmax), electron transport capacity (Jmax) and dark respiration rate (Rd)) and the slope (m) of the stomatal conductance model of Ball et al. [Progress in photosynthetic research, Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, 1987] were measured for a whole growing season in fully expanded leaves of 12-year-old mango trees cv. Cogshall in La Réunion island. Leaf nitrogen partitioning into carboxylation (Pc) and bioenergetic (Pb) pools were computed according to the model of Niinemets and Tenhunen [Plant Cell Environ 1997;20: 845-66]. Vcmax, Jmax, Rd, Pc and Pb remained relatively stable over the whole study period, with the exception of the period of linear fruit growth when Jmax, Rd and Pb were slightly lower, and leaf non-structural carbohydrate content higher. During the pre-floral and floral periods, m decreased by more than 50%, indicating an increase in photosynthetic water use efficiency and m increased again during the period of linear fruit growth. Our results show that, in tropical orchard conditions characterized by mild seasonal climatic changes and non-limiting water supply, leaf nitrogen partitioning is rather stable. Our results also advocate for more studies on the effect of phenology on m and photosynthetic water use efficiency, which is of paramount importance for building coupled biochemical models of photosynthetic carbon assimilation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Mangifera indica, Floraison, Fructification, Teneur en azote, Feuille, Glucide, Photosynthèse, Respiration, Stomate, Utilisation de l'eau

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Classification Agris : F61 - Plant physiology - Nutrition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Urban Laurent, CIRAD-FLHOR-UPR Production fruitière (REU)
  • Montpied Pierre, INRA (FRA)
  • Normand Frédéric, CIRAD-FLHOR-UPR Production fruitière (REU)

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