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Integrated responses of rosette organogenesis, morphogenesis and architecture to reduced incident light in Arabidopsis thaliana results in higher efficiency of light interception

Chenu Karine, Franck Nicolas, Dauzat Jean, Barczi Jean-François, Rey Hervé, Lecoeur Jérémie. 2005. Integrated responses of rosette organogenesis, morphogenesis and architecture to reduced incident light in Arabidopsis thaliana results in higher efficiency of light interception. Functional Plant Biology, 32 (12) : pp. 1123-1134.

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Abstract : Plants have a high phenotypic plasticity in response to light. We investigated changes in plant architecture in response to decreased incident light levels in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh, focusing on organogenesis and morphogenesis, and on consequences for the efficiency of light interception of the rosette. A. thaliana ecotype Columbia plants were grown under various levels of incident photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), with blue light (BL) intensity proportional to incident PAR intensity and with a high and stable red to far-red light ratio. We estimated the PAR absorbed by the plant, using data from precise characterisation of the light environment and 3-dimensional simulations of virtual plants generated with AMAPsim software. Decreases in incident PAR modified rosette architecture; leaf area decreased, leaf blades tended to be more circular and petioles were longer and thinner. However, the efficiency of light interception by the rosette was slightly higher in plants subjected to lower PAR intensities, despite the reduction in leaf area. Decreased incident PAR delayed leaf initiation and slowed down relative leaf expansion rate, but increased the duration of leaf expansion. The leaf initiation rate and the relative expansion rate during the first third of leaf development were related to the amount of PAR absorbed. The duration of leaf expansion was related to PAR intensity. The relationships identified could be used to analyse the phenotypic plasticity of various genotypes of Arabidopsis. Overall, decreases in incident PAR result in an increase in the efficiency of light interception. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Arabidopsis thaliana, Lumière, Développement biologique, Organogénèse, Morphogénèse, Anatomie végétale, Absorption, Énergie solaire, Feuille

Mots-clés complémentaires : Rosette

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F50 - Plant structure
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Hors axes (2005-2013)

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Chenu Karine, INRA (FRA)
  • Franck Nicolas, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • Dauzat Jean, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • Barczi Jean-François, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • Rey Hervé, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • Lecoeur Jérémie, INRA (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/530271/)

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