Variation in albicidin biosynthesis genes and in pathogenicity of Xanthomonas albilineans, the sugarcane leaf scald pathogen

Champoiseau Patrice, Daugrois Jean-Heinrich, Girard Jean-Claude, Royer Monique, Rott Philippe. 2006. Variation in albicidin biosynthesis genes and in pathogenicity of Xanthomonas albilineans, the sugarcane leaf scald pathogen. Phytopathology, 96 (1) : pp. 33-45.

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Abstract : Total genomic DNA from 137 strains of Xanthomonas albilineans from worldwide locations was hybridized with two DNA probes that together harbor the entire 49-kb albicidin biosynthesis gene cluster and two additional 3-kb genomic regions required for albicidin production. Four-teen haplotypes and two major genetic groups (albicidin [ALB]-restriction fragment length polymorphism [RFLP] A and ALB-RFLP B) were identified, and strains that were isolated after recent outbreaks of leaf scald disease belonged to group ALB-RFLP B. Albicidin genetic diversity was very similar to the previously described genetic diversity of the pathogen based on the whole genome. No relationship was found between variability of albicidin biosynthesis genes and the amount of albicidin produced in vitro by X. albilineans. Leaf scald-susceptible sugarcane cv. H70-144 was inoculated with 20 strains of the pathogen belonging to different ALB-RFLP haplotypes. Among them, 10 strains from Guadeloupe belonged to the same ALB-RFLP group but differed in the amount of albicidin produced in vitro. Strains were distributed in at least three different pathogenicity groups based on symptom severity and pathogen population density in the stalk. These two pathogenicity factors varied concurrently; however, no relationship between variation in albicidin biosynthesis genes, variation in the amount of albicidin produced in vitro, and variation in pathogenicity of X. albilineans was found. Further investigation is necessary to identify other genes involved in pathogenicity of X. albilineans. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Saccharum, Xanthomonas albilineans, Biosynthèse, Gène, Pouvoir pathogène, Échaudure, Feuille, Maladie des plantes, Sonde nucléique, RFLP, Ressource génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guadeloupe

Mots-clés complémentaires : Albicidine

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Champoiseau Patrice, CIRAD-FLHOR-UPR Multiplication végétative (FRA)
  • Daugrois Jean-Heinrich, CIRAD-FLHOR-UPR Multiplication végétative (GLP)
  • Girard Jean-Claude, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Royer Monique, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Rott Philippe, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6085-6159

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