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Impact of urban development and market access on farming systems evolution in Xieng Khouang Province, Lao PDR

Lienhard Pascal, Dangé Guillaume, Talon Marie Pierre, Syphanravong Somchanh, Sosomphou Thammakham. 2006. Impact of urban development and market access on farming systems evolution in Xieng Khouang Province, Lao PDR. In : Towards Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mountainous Regions, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 07-09 march 2006. s.l. : s.n., 9 p. International Symposium on Towards Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mountainous Regions, Chiang Mai, Thaïlande, 7 March 2006/9 March 2006.

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Abstract : In mountainous areas of Southeast Asia, lowland paddy rice is often assumed to be the cornerstone of farming systems. Households production strategies are usually analysed by assessing access to two factors: lowland paddy and the rice self-sufficiency level of the household. Rainfed rice, pig raising and off-farm activities are associated with households that are deficient in paddy rice, whereas cash crops and the raising of large ruminants are described as a diversification process run by families who have already met their paddy rice needs (Castella et al, 2002). A survey of 73 households conducted in three districts of Xieng Khouang province revealed that traditional agriculture is being slightly modified by the emergence of new economic opportunities such as (i) increasing local and regional urban consumption demand, and (ii) better road access to markets. The survey divided households into ten different types according to their food security strategies. For paddy rice and marketable products, the labour and surface area allocated and the generated income by each type of product were all analysed. The labour and surface area allocated for both rice and market products, and the income generated by each product, are all assessed. When interpreting the difference in household response to markets, the local agro-ecological situation appears to be just as important as the level of rice self-sufficiency. In the highlands, lowland paddy rice remains the prevailing cropping system but livestock activities produce 80-90% of the generated income. In the warm valleys, lowland paddy rice also prevails but cash crops are becoming increasingly significant in terms of both generated income and dedicated labour force. More diverse cropping systems are present in the uplands and sloping areas, but in all cases the importance of the rice crop in achieving household food security is decreasing. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Système d'exploitation agricole, Développement économique, Marché intérieur

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République démocratique populaire lao

Classification Agris : E10 - Agricultural economics and policies

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lienhard Pascal, CIRAD-CA-UPR Couverts permanents (LAO)
  • Dangé Guillaume
  • Talon Marie Pierre
  • Syphanravong Somchanh
  • Sosomphou Thammakham, NAFRI (LAO)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/531189/)

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