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Comparison of quantitative and molecular variation in agroforestry populations of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn) in Mali

Sanou Haby, Lovett Peter N., Bouvet Jean-Marc. 2005. Comparison of quantitative and molecular variation in agroforestry populations of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn) in Mali. Molecular Ecology, 14 : pp. 2601-2610.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : In this study we investigated the within- and between-population genetic variation using microsatellite markers and quantitative traits of the shea tree, Vitellaria paradoxa, an important agroforestry tree species of the Sudano-Sahelian region in Africa. Eleven populations were sampled across Mali and in northern Côte d'Ivoire. Leaf size and form and growth traits were measured in a progeny test at the nursery stage. Eight microsatellites were used to assess neutral genetic variation. Low levels of heterozygosity were recorded (1.6-3.0 alleles/locus; HE = 0.25-0.42) and the fixation index (F1S = -0.227-0.186) was not significantly different from zero suggesting that Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is encountered in all populations sampled. Quantitative traits exhibited a strong genetic variation between populations and between families within populations. The degree of population differentiation of the quantitative traits (QST = 0.055-0.283, QsTmean = 0.189) strongly exceeds that in eight microsatellite loci (FST = -0.011-0.142, FSTmean = 0.047). Global and pairwise FST values were very low and not significantly different from zero suggesting agroforestry practices are amplifying gene flow (Nm = 5.07). The population means for quantitative traits and the rainfall variable were not correlated, showing variation was not linked with this climatic cline. It is suggested that this marked differentiation for quantitative traits, independent of environmental clines and despite a high gene flow, is a result of local adaptation and human selection of shea trees. This process has induced high linkage disequilibrium between underlying loci of polygenic characters. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Vitellaria paradoxa, Marqueur génétique, Variation génétique, Flux de gènes

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mali

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sanou Haby, IER (MLI)
  • Lovett Peter N., Technoserve Ghana (GHA)
  • Bouvet Jean-Marc, CIRAD-FORET-PLANTATIONS (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/531532/)

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