EcoMeristem, a model of morphogenesis and competition among sinks in rice : 2. Simulating genotype responses to phosphorus deficiency

Dingkuhn Michaël, Luquet Delphine, Kim Hae Koo, Tambour Ludovic, Clément-Vidal Anne. 2006. EcoMeristem, a model of morphogenesis and competition among sinks in rice : 2. Simulating genotype responses to phosphorus deficiency. Functional Plant Biology, 33 (4) : pp. 325-337.

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Abstract : Phenotypic plasticity enables plants to adjust their morphology and phenology to variable environments. Although potentially important for crop breeding and management, the physiology and genetics of plasticity traits are poorly understood, and few models exist for their study. In the previous paper of this series, the structural-functional model EcoMeristem was described and field validated for vegetative-stage rice. This study applies the model to an experimental study on phosphorus deficiency effects on two morphologically contrasting rice cultivars, IR64 and Azucena, grown in controlled environments under hydroponics culture. Phosphorus deficiency caused severe biomass growth reductions in the shoot but not in the root, thus increasing the root / shoot weight ratio. It also inhibited tiller formation and leaf elongation, prolonged the phyllochron, and increased carbohydrate reserve pools in the plant. Analysis aided by the model identified inhibition of leaf extension and tillering as primary effects of the stress. Physiological feedback probably led to longer phyllochron, greater reserve accumulation and root growth stimulation. The main effect of P deficiency appeared to be a reduction in demand for assimilates in the shoot while photosynthetic radiation use efficiency remained nearly constant, resulting in spill-over of excess assimilates into reserve compartments and root growth. The results are discussed in the light of future applications of EcoMeristem for phenotyping and genetic analyses of phenotypic plasticity. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Phénotype, Phénologie, Morphogénèse, Organogénèse, Développement biologique, Croissance, Modèle de simulation, Carence minérale, Phosphore, Offre et demande, Besoin nutritionnel, Expression des gènes, Pousse, Feuille, Racine, Taux de croissance, Tallage, Plasticité

Mots-clés complémentaires : Sink effect, Phyllochrone

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dingkuhn Michaël, CIRAD-AMIS-UPR Modélisation intégrative (FRA)
  • Luquet Delphine, CIRAD-AMIS-UPR Modélisation intégrative (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2543-7140
  • Kim Hae Koo, CIRAD-AMIS-UPR Modélisation intégrative (FRA)
  • Tambour Ludovic, CIRAD-AMIS-UPR Modélisation intégrative (FRA)
  • Clément-Vidal Anne, CIRAD-AMIS-UPR Modélisation intégrative (FRA)

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