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Soil carbon balance in a clonal Eucalyptus plantation in Congo : effects of logging on carbon inputs and soil CO2 efflux

Epron Daniel, Nouvellon Yann, Deleporte Philippe, Ifo Suspens, Kazotti Julien Guy Mèdéssou, Thongo M'Bou Armel, Mouvondy Welcome J., Saint André Laurent, Roupsard Olivier, Jourdan Christophe, Hamel Olivier. 2006. Soil carbon balance in a clonal Eucalyptus plantation in Congo : effects of logging on carbon inputs and soil CO2 efflux. Global Change Biology, 12 (6) : pp. 1021-1031.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Soil CO2 efflux was measured in clear-cut and intact plots in order to quantify the impact of harvest on soil respiration in an intensively managed Eucalyptus plantation, and to evaluate the increase in heterotrophic component of soil respiration because of the decomposition of harvest residues. Soil CO2 effluxes showed a pronounced seasonal trend, which was well related to the pattern of precipitation and soil water content and were always significantly lower in the clear-cut plots than in the intact plots. On an annual basis, soil respiration represented 1.57 and 0.91kgc m-2yr-1 in intact and clear-cut plots, respectively. During the first year following harvest, residues have lost 0.79 kgc m-2yr-1. Our estimate of heterotrophic respiration was calculated assuming that it was similar to soil respiration in the clear-cut area except that the decomposition of residues did not occur, and it was further corrected for differences in soil water content between intact and clear-cut plots and for the cessation of leaf and fine root turnover in clear cut. Heterotrophic respiration in clear-cut plots was estimated at 1.18 kgc m-2yr-1 whereas it was only 0.65 kgc m-2yr-1 in intact plots (41% of soil respiration). Assumptions and uncertainties with these calculations are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Eucalyptus, Carbone, Litière forestière, Dégradation, Abattage d'arbres

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République démocratique du Congo

Classification Agris : F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Epron Daniel, INRA (FRA)
  • Nouvellon Yann, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (COG)
  • Deleporte Philippe, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (COG)
  • Ifo Suspens, UR2PI (COG)
  • Kazotti Julien Guy Mèdéssou, UR2PI (COG)
  • Thongo M'Bou Armel, UR2PI (COG)
  • Mouvondy Welcome J., UR2PI (COG)
  • Saint André Laurent, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (FRA)
  • Roupsard Olivier, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (VUT)
  • Jourdan Christophe, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (FRA)
  • Hamel Olivier, CIRAD-FORET-DIR (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/532861/)

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