Experimental and numerical study of steam gasification of a single charcoal particle

Mermoud Floriane, Golfier Fabrice, Salvador Sylvain, Van de Steene Laurent, Dirion Jean-Louis. 2006. Experimental and numerical study of steam gasification of a single charcoal particle. Combustion and Flame, 145 : pp. 59-79.

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Abstract : The present work deals with a study coupling experiments and modeling of charcoal gasification by steam at large particle scale. A reliable set of experiments was first established using a specially developed "macro-TG" apparatus where a particle was suspended and continuously weighed during its gasification. The main control parameters of a fixed-bed process were modified separately: steam gasification of beech charcoal spheres of different diameters (10 to 30 mm) was studied at different temperatures (830 to 1030°C), different steam partial pressures (0.1 to 0.4 atm H2O), and different gas velocities around the particle (0.09 to 0.30 m/s). Simulations with the particle model were performed for each case. Confrontations with experimental data indicate that the model predictions are both qualitatively and quantitatively satisfactory, with an accuracy of 7%, until 60% of conversion, despite the fact that the phenomena of reactive surface evolution and particle fracturing are not well understood. Anisotropy and peripheral fragmentation make the end of the process difficult to simulate. Finally, an analysis of the thermochemical situation is proposed: it is demonstrated that the usual homogeneous or shrinking core particle models are not satisfying and that only the assumption of thermal equilibrium between the particle and the surrounding gas is valid for a model at bed scale. © 2006 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Charbon de bois, Gazéification, Biomasse, Simulation, Modèle mathématique

Classification Agris : K50 - Processing of forest products
P06 - Renewable energy resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 2 (2005-2013) - Biomasse énergie et sociétés du sud

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Mermoud Floriane, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Biomasse-énergie (FRA)
  • Golfier Fabrice, INPL (FRA)
  • Salvador Sylvain, EMAC (FRA)
  • Van de Steene Laurent, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Biomasse-énergie (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4737-3667
  • Dirion Jean-Louis, EMAC (FRA)

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