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Pyrolysis of metal impregnated biomass: An innovative catalytic way to produce gas fuel

Bru Kathy, Blin Joël, Julbe Anne, Volle Ghislaine. 2007. Pyrolysis of metal impregnated biomass: An innovative catalytic way to produce gas fuel. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 78 (2) : pp. 291-300.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : An innovative way of catalysis was investigated for its potential to reduce the amount of condensable hydrocarbons produced during the pyrolysis of oak wood. The experiments were carried out in a horizontal tubular reactor, fed with a controlled flow rate of nitrogen and equipped with accessories to collect char, liquid and gaseous products. Pyrolysis was performed at 700°C with different wood sample series impregnated with either Ni or Fe nitrates (in aqueous solution) and by varying the metal concentration in the wood. In the blank run the biomass was acid-washed to determine the impact of demineralization. The influence of the metal type and content introduced into the wood to reduce the fraction of condensable organic compounds produced during pyrolysis was determined. Depending on the experimental conditions, the gas yield increases from 20.0 to 33.1%. Condensable hydrocarbons are cracked into gaseous components and the concentration of H2 is significantly increased, by 260% compared to the reference sample. In particular, the Ni-loaded wood samples give much higher H2 yields than the Fe-loaded ones under similar conditions but less toxic products are formed with the latter. These results show that biomass impregnation with either nickel or iron salts is a promising way to reduce the fraction of condensable organic compounds produced during pyrolysis. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Biomasse, Quercus, Élément métallique, Bioénergie, Pyrolyse, Hydrogène, Combustible, Gaz, Réaction chimique

Classification Agris : P06 - Renewable energy resources
K50 - Processing of forest products

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 2 (2005-2013) - Biomasse énergie et sociétés du sud

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bru Kathy, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Biomasse-énergie (FRA)
  • Blin Joël, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Biomasse-énergie (BFA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6715-2453
  • Julbe Anne, IEM (FRA)
  • Volle Ghislaine, CIRAD-FORET-UPR Biomasse-énergie (FRA)

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/536361/)

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