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The genome of the heartwater agent Ehrlichia ruminantium contains multiple tandem repeats of actively variable copy number

Collins Nicola E., Liebenberg Junita, De Villiers Etienne P., Brayton Kelly A., Louw Elmarié, Pretorius Alri, Faber F. Erika, Van Heerden Henriette, Josemans Antoinette, Van Kleef Mirinda, Steyn Helena C., Van Strijp M. Fransie, Zweygarth Erich, Jongejan Frans, Maillard Jean-Charles, Berthier David, et al.. 2005. The genome of the heartwater agent Ehrlichia ruminantium contains multiple tandem repeats of actively variable copy number. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102 (3) : pp. 838-843.

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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion; Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Heartwater, a tick-borne disease of domestic and wild ruminants, is caused by the intracellular rickettsia Ehrlichia ruminantium (previously known as Cowdria ruminantium). It is a major constraint to livestock production throughout subSaharan Africa, and it threat-ens to invade the Americas, yet there is no immediate prospect of an effective vaccine. A shotgun genome sequencing project was undertaken in the expectation that access to the complete protein coding repertoire of the organism will facilitate the search for vaccine candidate genes. We report here the complete 1,516,355-bp sequence of the type strain, the stock derived from the South African Welgevonden isolate. Only 62% of the genome is predicted to be coding sequence, encoding 888 proteins and 41 stable RNA species. The most striking feature is the large number of tandemly repeated and duplicated sequences, some of continuously variable copy number, which contributes to the low pro-portion of coding sequence. These repeats have mediated numerous translocation and inversion events that have resulted in the duplication and truncation of some genes and have also given rise to new genes. There are 32 predicted pseudogenes, most of which are truncated fragments of genes associated with repeats. Rather then being the result of the reductive evolution seen in other intracellular bacteria, these pseudogenes appear to be the product of ongoing sequence duplication events. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : réplication, Génome, Bacteria, Séquence nucléotidique, Adaptation, Cellule

Mots-clés complémentaires : Ehrlichiose

Classification Agris : L10 - Animal genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Collins Nicola E., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Liebenberg Junita, OVI (ZAF)
  • De Villiers Etienne P., ILRI (KEN)
  • Brayton Kelly A., Washington State University (USA)
  • Louw Elmarié, OVI (ZAF)
  • Pretorius Alri, OVI (ZAF)
  • Faber F. Erika, OVI (ZAF)
  • Van Heerden Henriette, Rand Afrikaans University (ZAF)
  • Josemans Antoinette, OVI (ZAF)
  • Van Kleef Mirinda, OVI (ZAF)
  • Steyn Helena C., OVI (ZAF)
  • Van Strijp M. Fransie, OVI (ZAF)
  • Zweygarth Erich, OVI (ZAF)
  • Jongejan Frans, Utrecht University (NLD)
  • Maillard Jean-Charles, CIRAD-EMVT-SANTE ANIMALE (FRA)
  • Berthier David, CIRAD-EMVT-SANTE ANIMALE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3283-6588
  • et al.

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/538240/)

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