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Evolution of hazardous integrations of Banana streak virus in the genome of the wild banana (Musa balbisiana)

Gayral Philippe, Laboureau Nathalie, Iskra Caruana Marie-Line. 2007. Evolution of hazardous integrations of Banana streak virus in the genome of the wild banana (Musa balbisiana). In : 11th Evolutionary Biology Meeting, September 18-21, 2007, Marseilles. s.l. : s.n., Résumé, 1 p. Evolutionary Biology Meeting. 11, Marseille, France, 18 September 2007/21 September 2007.

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Abstract : Banana streak virus (BSV) is a plant dsDNA pararetrovirus responsible for banana streak disease. Even though integration is not an essential step in the replication cycle of BSV, the nuclear genome of banana and plantain (genus Musa) contains viral integrations called BSV Endogenous Pararetrovirus (BSV EPRV). Triggered by stresses, EPRV found in Musa balbisiana reconstitute an infectious viral genome. We showed the wild diploid M. balbisiana Pisang Klutuk Wulung (PKW) harbours pathogenic BSV-EPRV and is furthermore resistant to the virus. In these conditions, how to explain the presence of such viral integrants fixed in the host genome in terms of cost and benefits for both plant and virus? In order to highlight this question, we retraced the evolutionary history of infectious EPRV of BSV Golfinger species (BSGfV) integrated at a single locus in the genome of M. balbisiana PKW. This integrant was characterized in PKW by sequencing BAC clones containing BSGfV sequences. This BSGfV EPRV is composed of back-to-back viral sequences representing more than a whole genome. We developed molecular markers to explore the polymorphism of BSGfV integration patterns among M. balbisiana genotypes and other Musa species representing the genetic diversity of the genus. We observed a strong conserved pattern of BSGfV EPRV in all M. balbisiana genotypes. Among relative species, we found BSGfV EPRV only in M. boman showing a modified pattern. These results suggest that BSGfV integrated its host recently. Phylogenetic analysis of sequence data from both virus and EPRV confirmed this result. The consequences of deleterious viral sequences rapidly fixed in Musa genomes will be discussed. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Musa balbisiana, Virus des végétaux, Génome, Génie génétique, Virologie, Phylogénie, Polymorphisme génétique, Transmission des maladies

Mots-clés complémentaires : Banana streak virus

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gayral Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Laboureau Nathalie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Iskra Caruana Marie-Line, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4486-2449

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/540539/)

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